Flustridae Fleming, 1828

Synonyms Author
Hincksinidae Canu & Bassler, 1927

Colony erect with broad or narrow flattened fronds arising from an encrusting base, or wholly encrusting. Fronds uni-or bilamellar. Zooids not heavily calcified, generally rectangular, with a wholly membranous frontal surface, or with a short gymnocyst. Spines present or absent. Avicularia vicarious or interzooidal or absent. Ovicell endozooidal or lacking. (Gordon 1984)

This family includes the genera:

  1. Austroflustra (Family uncertain?)
  2. Carbasea
  3. Chartella
  4. Flustra
  5. Gontarella
  6. Gregarinidra
  7. Hincksina
  8. Hincksinoflustra
  9. Isoseculiflustra
  10. Kenella
  11. Klugeflustra (Family uncertain?)
  12. Membraniporopsis (Now in Sinoflustridae)
  13. Nematoflustra
  14. Neoflustra (Family uncertain?)
  15. Retiflustra
  16. Sarsiflustra
  17. Securiflustra
  18. Serratiflustra
  19. Sinoflustra (Now in Sinoflustridae)
  20. Spiralaria
  21. Terminoflustra

Carbasea indivisa Flustra foliacea Gregarinidra serrata [Hincksina longiavicularia]
Carbasea indivisa
A colour photograph by
Karen Gowlett-Holmes is available.
Flustra foliacea
(Andrew Grischenko photo
Gregarinidra serrata Hincksina longiavicularia
(Thanks to Matt Dick)
Hincksinoflustra Membraniporopsis bifloris Membraniporopsis tubigera Retiflustra cornea
Hincksinoflustra denticulata Membraniporopsis bifloris Membraniporopsis tubigera Retiflustra cornea
Retiflustra reticulum Sinoflustra annae Spiralaria florea
Retiflustra reticulum
(Jan Watson underwater photo)
Sinoflustra annae Spiralaria florea
(Jan Watson underwater photo)

Hincksina page at NMITA

Flustra foliacea at Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.
Chartella papyracea at Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.
Securiflustra securifrons at Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.

Carbasea carbasea page at UWPhoto, Norway

Flustra foliacea at the Marine Life of the Channel Islands site.

Securiflustra securifrons plus a second photo at Frank Emil Moen's site in Norway (Many underwater photographs of Norwegian Bryozoa)


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Edited by Phil Bock
Modified on 15/12/2016
This URL is http://bryozoa.net/cheilostomata/flustridae/index.html