Membranipora de Blainville, 1830

Type species: Flustra membranacea Linnaeus, 1767

The genus (and family) has been used for many forms of encrusting anascans with little or no frontal calcification. The modern definition includes development of a colony from a twinned ancestrula. Information on ancestrula is not available for many Recent (and most fossil) species. These species are included in the list below until more information makes a better definition possible. It is likely that a residue of described species which are inadequately known will continue to be a problem. A large number of fossil species have been described; ultimately, these will be added to this page, but it is expected that few will be related to the Recent genus.

Levinsen (1909) suggested the name Membraniporina for species without characters such as ovicells or avicularia which would permit assignment to other genera. (ie Membranipora sensu lato). The proposal did not specify a type species, and cannot be considered a formal definition. The informal "Membranipora" is used for these species.

This genus includes the species:

  1. Membranipora inornata
  2. Hincks, 1881 Recent Australia Bass Strait WoRMS 469977
  3. Membranipora membranacea
  4. (Linnaeus, 1767) Recent Cosmopolitan WoRMS 111411
    EOL
  5. Membranipora rustica
  6. Florence, Hayward & Gibbons, 2007 Recent South Africa WoRMS 468283
  7. Membranipora triangularis
  8. Winston & Håkansson, 1986 Recent USA (Florida) WoRMS 469953
  9. Membranipora villosa
  10. Hincks, 1880 Recent NE Pacific WoRMS 469954

    The following list of species includes those which have been assigned to Membranipora but have not been revised recently. Many will not be related to Membranipora sensu stricto, but their relationships will be difficult to define better.

  11. Membranipora aculeata
    Original name Flustrellaria aculeata
    (Homonym)
  12. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Late Cretaceous Campanian France  
  13. Membranipora aculeata
    Original name Biflustra aculeata
  14. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Recent Northwest Atlantic WoRMS 1030687
  15. Membranipora acuminata
  16. Levinsen, 1925 Cretaceous? Denmark WoRMS 1404937
  17. Membranipora acuum
  18. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404938
  19. Membranipora aedificata
  20. Brydone, 1913 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1404939
  21. Membranipora aequalis
  22. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1412068
  23. Membranipora aftonensis
  24. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404940
  25. Membranipora aftonia
  26. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404941
  27. Membranipora albensis
  28. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1404942
  29. Membranipora albida
    (Homonym)
  30. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404943
  31. Membranipora allita allita
  32. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1415173
  33. Membranipora almerai
  34. Canu, 1913 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian Spain WoRMS 1404944
  35. Membranipora alveolus
  36. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1404945
  37. Membranipora ambigua
  38. Allegre, 1939 Cretaceous Algeria WoRMS 1404946
  39. Membranipora ameghinoi
  40. Canu, 1908 Neogene Pleistocene Argentina WoRMS 1404947
  41. Membranipora americana
  42. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Recent Northwest Atlantic WoRMS 1030688
  43. "Membranipora" ampla
  44. (Uttley, 1951) Paleogene Oligocene New Zealand WoRMS 1412069
  45. "Membranipora" ancarteri
  46. Brown, 1958 Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1404948
  47. Membranipora angulosa
  48. d'Orbigny, 1853 Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1404949
  49. Membranipora aperta
  50. Busk, 1859 Neogene Pliocene Piacenzian England WoRMS 1404950
  51. Membranipora aperta
    (Homonym)
  52. Levinsen, 1925 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1404951
  53. Membranipora arborea
  54. Canu, 1911 Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1404952
  55. "Membranipora" arcana
  56. Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Oligocene Rupelian USA Alabama WoRMS 1404954
  57. Membranipora arcana
    (Homonym)
  58. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404953
  59. Membranipora arcifera
  60. Canu & Bassler, 1929 Recent West Pacific Philippines WoRMS 469967
  61. Membranipora arctica
  62. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Recent Arctic WoRMS 1030689
  63. Membranipora arenulata
  64. (Lamarck, 1816) Recent ? WoRMS 1030692
  65. Membranipora areolata
  66. Canu & Bassler, 1935 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Australia Victoria. WoRMS 1404956
  67. Membranipora argus
  68. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Campanian France WoRMS 1412070
  69. Membranipora artini
  70. Canu, 1904 Neogene Pleistocene Egypt WoRMS 1404957
  71. Membranipora atabekjani
  72. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Campanian Russia WoRMS 1404958
  73. Membranipora aviculifera
  74. Maplestone, 1901 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Australia Victoria. WoRMS 1404959
  75. Membranipora baccata (?Status)
  76. (Lamouroux, 1816) Recent Australia WoRMS 1030804
  77. "Membranipora" baccata
    (Homonym)
  78. Canu & Bassler, 1923 Neogene Miocene Serravallian-Tortonian USA Maryland WoRMS 1404960
  79. Membranipora baculina (?Status)
  80. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412071
  81. Membranipora bellis
  82. Maplestone, 1901 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1404961
  83. Membranipora bemensis
  84. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404962
  85. "Membranipora" benjamini
  86. Canu & Bassler, 1917 Neogene Miocene Serravallian-Tortonian USA Georgia WoRMS 1404963
  87. Membranipora berthelseni
  88. Jürgensen, 1968 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1404964
  89. Membranipora biarritziana
  90. Canu, 1912 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian France WoRMS 1404965
  91. Membranipora bioculata
  92. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian Tunisia WoRMS 1404966
  93. Membranipora bipunctata
  94. Schafhautl, 1863 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian Germany WoRMS 1404967
  95. Membranipora bispinosa
  96. Levinsen, 1907 ? ? WoRMS 1404968
  97. Membranipora boulei
  98. Canu, 1900 Cretaceous France WoRMS 1404969
  99. Membranipora bramensis
  100. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404970
  101. Membranipora branscombensis
  102. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Turonian England WoRMS 1404971
  103. Membranipora bruennichi
  104. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1404972
  105. Membranipora brunnea
  106. Hutton, 1873 Recent New Zealand WoRMS 1030891
  107. Membranipora bueltenensis
  108. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Santonian Germany WoRMS 1404973
  109. Membranipora bulbillifera
  110. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1404974
  111. Membranipora californica
  112. Gabb & Horn, 1862 Neogene Pleistocene USA California WoRMS 1404975
  113. Membranipora calveti
  114. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Argentina WoRMS 1511208
  115. Membranipora camillae
  116. Neviani, 1895 Neogene Pliocene Italy WoRMS 1404976
  117. "Membranipora" canalifera
  118. Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Paleocene Danian USA Georgia WoRMS 1404977
  119. Membranipora canui
    (Homonym)
  120. Dartevelle, 1933 Paleogene Eocene Bartonian Belgium WoRMS 1404978
  121. Membranipora canui
  122. Lecointre, 1912 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1404979
  123. Membranipora capillimargo
  124. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1404980
  125. Membranipora capsula
  126. Voigt, 1949 Late Cretaceous Campanian Germany WoRMS 1404981
  127. Membranipora cauveri
  128. Guha & Nathan, 1996 Cretaceous India WoRMS 1404982
  129. Membranipora cavernifera
  130. Voigt, 1962 Late Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1404983
  131. Membranipora celsospinata
  132. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1404984
  133. Membranipora cenomana
  134. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1412072
  135. Membranipora cervicornis
  136. Brydone, 1913 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1404985
  137. Membranipora chyngtonensis
  138. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1404986
  139. Membranipora cingulata
  140. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1404987
  141. Membranipora claudata
  142. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1404988
  143. Membranipora clavicella
  144. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Santonian Germany WoRMS 1404989
  145. "Membranipora" claviformis
  146. Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian USA North Carolina WoRMS 1404990
  147. Membranipora clio
  148. d'Orbigny, 1853 Late Cretaceous Campanian France WoRMS 1404991
  149. Membranipora cochlearis
  150. MacGillivray, 1895 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1404992
  151. Membranipora combesi
  152. Canu, 1907 Paleogene Paleocene Thanetian France WoRMS 1404993
  153. Membranipora commixta
  154. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Germany WoRMS 1404994
  155. Membranipora complanata
  156. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Recent Indian Ocean WoRMS 1030892
  157. Membranipora composita
  158. Koschinsky, 1885 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian Germany WoRMS 1404995
  159. Membranipora conficiens
  160. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1404996
  161. Membranipora contexta
  162. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1404997
  163. Membranipora contracta
  164. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1404998
  165. Membranipora convexa
  166. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412073
  167. Membranipora coronata
  168. Levinsen, 1925 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1441018
  169. Membranipora crassimargo
  170. Canu & Bassler, 1926 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian USA Tennessee WoRMS 1404999
  171. "Membranipora" crespinae
  172. Brown, 1958 Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405000
  173. Membranipora cristallina
  174. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405001
  175. Membranipora cubitalis
  176. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405002
  177. Membranipora cubitalis bicavata
  178. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1414923
  179. Membranipora cuckmerensis
  180. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405003
  181. Membranipora cuculligera
  182. Brydone, 1914 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405004
  183. Membranipora cyclopora
  184. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1412074
  185. Membranipora cyclostoma
  186. MacGillivray, 1895 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405005
  187. Membranipora deborahae
  188. Brown, 1952 Paleogene Oligocene Rupelian New Zealand WoRMS 1405006
  189. Membranipora declivis
  190. Marsson, 1887 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1405007
  191. Membranipora dennanti
  192. Maplestone, 1900 Neogene Miocene Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405008
  193. "Membranipora" dimorphocella
  194. Canu, 1919 Paleogene Oligocene Rupelian France WoRMS 1405009
  195. Membranipora disjuncta
  196. Gregory, 1894 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian England WoRMS 1405010
  197. Membranipora distefanoi
  198. Cipolla, 1932 Neogene? Italy WoRMS 1405011
  199. Membranipora dolina
  200. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405012
  201. Membranipora dorbignyana
  202. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 469979
  203. Membranipora dubia
  204. Busk, 1859 Neogene Pliocene England WoRMS 1405013
  205. Membranipora dugossonei
  206. Pergens, 1892 Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1405014
  207. "Membranipora" dutertrei
  208. Duvergier, 1924 Neogene Miocene Burdigalian France WoRMS 1405015
  209. Membranipora duvergieriae
  210. Vigneaux, 1949 Neogene Miocene France WoRMS 1405016
  211. Membranipora eastonensis
  212. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405017
  213. Membranipora ebeidii
  214. Abbas & El-Senoussi, 1979 Neogene Miocene Egypt WoRMS 1405018
  215. Membranipora eleanorae
  216. Brydone, 1936 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405019
  217. Membranipora elizabethiensis
  218. Waters, 1898 Recent South Africa WoRMS 1030893
  219. Membranipora elliptica
  220. von Hagenow, 1839 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405020
  221. Membranipora elliptica faxensis
  222. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1414924
  223. Membranipora endozooecialis
  224. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Santonian Germany WoRMS 1405021
  225. Membranipora eocena
  226. (Busk, 1866) Paleogene Eocene England WoRMS 1412075
  227. Membranipora eocena minor
  228. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian Tunisia WoRMS 1414925
  229. Membranipora evanescens
  230. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian Russia WoRMS 1405022
  231. Membranipora excavata
  232. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian Tunisia WoRMS 1405023
  233. Membranipora falloti
  234. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Aquitanian France WoRMS 1405024
  235. Membranipora famelica
  236. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405025
  237. Membranipora fannia
  238. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405026
  239. Membranipora fascelis
  240. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405027
  241. Membranipora fastigii
  242. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405028
  243. Membranipora faustina
  244. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405029
  245. Membranipora faviola
  246. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405030
  247. Membranipora fecampensis
  248. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian France WoRMS 1405031
  249. Membranipora fenestralis
  250. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405032
  251. Membranipora fenestrella
  252. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412076
  253. Membranipora fissura
  254. Seguenza, 1880 Neogene Pliocene Italy WoRMS 1405033
  255. Membranipora flabellata
    (Homonym)
  256. Canu, 1904 Neogene Pleistocene Argentina WoRMS 1405034
  257. Membranipora flabellata
  258. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Campanian France WoRMS 1412077
  259. Membranipora flicki
  260. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian Tunisia WoRMS 1405035
  261. Membranipora fluonia
  262. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405036
  263. Membranipora fluonia galba
  264. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1414926
  265. Membranipora fonteia
  266. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405037
  267. Membranipora fornicina
  268. (Lamarck, 1816) Recent Australia WoRMS 1030894
  269. Membranipora fossata
  270. Levinsen, 1907 ? ? WoRMS 1405038
  271. Membranipora fossulifera
  272. Ulrich & Bassler, 1904 Neogene Miocene Langhian USA Maryland WoRMS 1405039
  273. Membranipora frontalis
  274. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405040
  275. Membranipora fulcra
  276. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405041
  277. Membranipora galeria
  278. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405042
  279. Membranipora galvia
  280. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405043
  281. Membranipora gardiana
  282. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405044
  283. Membranipora gentili
  284. Canu, 1903 Late Cretaceous Tunisia WoRMS 1405045
  285. Membranipora gerana
  286. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405046
  287. Membranipora gharanensis
  288. El Safori & El-Sorogy, 1999 Neogene Miocene Egypt WoRMS 1405047
  289. Membranipora gigantea
  290. Levinsen, 1925 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405048
  291. Membranipora gigantissima
  292. Lecointre, 1912 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1405049
  293. Membranipora girondina
  294. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412078
  295. Membranipora globulosa
  296. Maplestone, 1901 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405050
  297. Membranipora granti
  298. (von Hagenow, 1851) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1412079
  299. Membranipora gravensis
  300. Brydone, 1913 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405051
  301. Membranipora harmeri
  302. Canu, 1907 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian France WoRMS 1405052
  303. Membranipora hebens
  304. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405053
  305. Membranipora hennei
  306. (Nyst, 1843) Paleogene Eocene Ypresian Belgium WoRMS 1412080
  307. Membranipora heterospinosa
  308. Kluge, 1908 Recent Arctic WoRMS 1030896
  309. "Membranipora" hexagona bredsdorffi
  310. Berthelsen, 1962 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1414927
  311. Membranipora hursleiensis
  312. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405054
  313. Membranipora hyadesi
  314. Jullien, 1888 Recent South Atlantic WoRMS 469976
  315. Membranipora impolita
  316. Mokrinskij, 1916 Paleogene Eocene Kazakhstan WoRMS 1405055
  317. Membranipora impressa
  318. Levinsen, 1925 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405056
  319. Membranipora impressata
  320. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405057
  321. Membranipora inaequalis
  322. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1412081
  323. Membranipora incurvata
  324. Maplestone, 1900 Neogene Miocene Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405058
  325. Membranipora insultans
  326. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405059
  327. Membranipora intricata
  328. (Lonsdale, 1850) Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1412082
  329. Membranipora irregularis
  330. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Late Cretaceous Coniacian France WoRMS 1412083
  331. Membranipora isabelleana
  332. (d'Orbigny, 1842) Recent Southwest Atlantic Argentina WoRMS 1030897
  333. Membranipora kayeum
  334. Guha & Nathan, 1996 Cretaceous India WoRMS 1405060
  335. Membranipora? kiowana
  336. Scott, 1970 Late Cretaceous USA Kansas WoRMS 1405061
  337. Membranipora kischenewensis
  338. (Pheophanova, 1953) Neogene Miocene Moldova WoRMS 1412084
  339. Membranipora krimskojensis
  340. Voigt, 1962 Late Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1405062
  341. Membranipora lacrymopora
  342. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Turonian-Coniacian France WoRMS 1412085
  343. Membranipora laevigata
  344. Canu, 1904 Cenozoic Argentina WoRMS 1405063
  345. Membranipora laevissima
  346. Maplestone, 1911 Neogene Miocene Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405064
  347. Membranipora lata
  348. Canu & Bassler, 1929 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian Belgium WoRMS 1405065
  349. Membranipora leo
  350. (Pheophanova, 1953) Neogene Miocene Ukraine Crimea WoRMS 1412086
  351. Membranipora ligeriensis
  352. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Coniacian France WoRMS 1412087
  353. Membranipora ligulata
  354. Maplestone, 1901 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405066
  355. Membranipora limbata
  356. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412088
  357. Membranipora limburgensis
  358. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1405067
  359. "Membranipora" longifissa
  360. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Sweden WoRMS 1405068
  361. Membranipora longipes
  362. Maplestone, 1901 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405069
  363. Membranipora maastrichtensis
  364. Voigt, 1924 Late Cretaceous Santonian Netherlands WoRMS 1405070
  365. Membranipora magnispina
  366. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405071
  367. Membranipora magnispina pygmaea
  368. Voigt, 1930 Cretaceous Germany WoRMS 1414928
  369. Membranipora malaccensis
  370. d'Orbigny, 1853 Recent Indo-Pacific Malaysia Malacca Straits WoRMS 469978
  371. Membranipora mamillaris
  372. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Recent Mediterranean Algeria WoRMS 1030904
  373. Membranipora mamillifera
  374. Voigt, 1962 Late Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1405072
  375. Membranipora maplestonei
  376. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405073
  377. Membranipora margaritifera
  378. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Campanian Russia WoRMS 1405074
  379. Membranipora marssoni
  380. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Coniacian France WoRMS 1405075
  381. Membranipora marssoniana
  382. Voigt, 1924 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1405076
  383. Membranipora marssoniana moenensis
  384. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1414929
  385. Membranipora maxima
  386. Levinsen, 1925 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405077
  387. Membranipora meandrina
  388. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1412089
  389. Membranipora megapora
  390. d'Orbigny, 1850 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1405078
  391. Membranipora membranacea
  392. (Linnaeus, 1767) Recent North Atlantic WoRMS 111411
  393. Membranipora membranacea acuta
  394. Loppens, 1907 Recent Northeast Atlantic WoRMS 1030906
  395. Membranipora membranacea acutispina
  396. O'Donoghue & de Watteville, 1935 Recent Northeast Atlantic WoRMS 1030908
  397. Membranipora meunieri
  398. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1405079
  399. Membranipora meunieri
    (Homonym?)
  400. Canu, 1909 Late Cretaceous Santonian Germany WoRMS 1405080
  401. Membranipora minuscula
  402. Canu, 1911 non Hincks, 1882 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405081
  403. Membranipora morningtoniensis
  404. Maplestone, 1900 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405082
  405. Membranipora munda
  406. (Marsson, 1887) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1412090
  407. Membranipora nanula
  408. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405083
  409. Membranipora nellioides
  410. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405085
  411. Membranipora nellioides
    (Homonym)
  412. Canu & Bassler, 1933 Paleogene Paleocene Thanetian USA New Jersey WoRMS 1405084
  413. Membranipora nicklesi
  414. Lecointre, 1912 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1405086
  415. Membranipora nobilis
  416. Reuss, 1848 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Austria WoRMS 1405087
  417. Membranipora nordgaardiana
  418. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405088
  419. Membranipora operculata
  420. Hincks, 1886 Recent Mediterranean Adriatic WoRMS 1030909
  421. Membranipora orbavicularia
  422. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405090
  423. Membranipora orlowi
  424. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Russia WoRMS 1405091
  425. Membranipora ornata
  426. (Busk, 1854) Recent Southwest Atlantic WoRMS 1030910
  427. Membranipora osburni
  428. Canu & Bassler, 1923 Neogene Miocene Jamaica WoRMS 1405092
  429. Membranipora ossuaria
  430. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405093
  431. Membranipora ovalis
  432. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1412091
  433. "Membranipora" ovata
  434. (Canu & Lecointre, 1925) Neogene Miocene France WoRMS 1412092
  435. Membranipora ovifera
  436. Maplestone, 1911 Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405094
  437. Membranipora ovigera
  438. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405095
  439. Membranipora pachundakii
  440. Canu, 1912 Neogene Miocene Egypt WoRMS 1405096
  441. Membranipora pachytheca
  442. Osburn, 1950 Recent Northeast Pacific Alaska WoRMS 469964
  443. Membranipora pallaryi
  444. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Santonian France WoRMS 1405097
  445. Membranipora palpebra
  446. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405098
  447. Membranipora palpebra nuntians
  448. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1414930
  449. Membranipora papyracea
  450. MacGillivray, 1895 Paleogene Oligocene Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405099
  451. Membranipora parvicella
  452. Canu, 1919 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian France WoRMS 1405100
  453. Membranipora parvula
  454. (von Hagenow, 1839) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1412093
  455. Membranipora patellaris
  456. Reuss in Geinitz, 1872 Late Cretaceous Turonian Germany WoRMS 1405101
  457. Membranipora paucispinata
  458. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Germany WoRMS 1405102
  459. "Membranipora" pegma
  460. Brown, 1958 Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405103
  461. Membranipora pererrans
  462. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405104
  463. Membranipora perincerta
  464. Brydone, 1936 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405105
  465. Membranipora perspicata
  466. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405106
  467. Membranipora pertenera
  468. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405107
  469. Membranipora pervinquierei
  470. Canu, 1903 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian Tunisia WoRMS 1405108
  471. Membranipora plebicola
  472. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405109
  473. Membranipora plicatella
  474. Brydone, 1913 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405110
  475. "Membranipora" plicatelloides
  476. Berthelsen, 1962 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405111
  477. Membranipora pollex
  478. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405112
  479. Membranipora polystachys
  480. Kluge, 1914 Recent Antarctic WoRMS 1030912
  481. Membranipora pontpourqueyensis
  482. Vigneaux, 1949 Neogene Miocene France WoRMS 1405113
  483. Membranipora portus
  484. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405114
  485. "Membranipora" praecipua herfolgensis
  486. Berthelsen, 1962 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1414931
  487. Membranipora praetermissa
  488. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Turonian England WoRMS 1405115
  489. Membranipora pratensis
  490. Neviani, 1901 Cenozoic Italy WoRMS 1405116
  491. Membranipora princeps
  492. Hincks, 1880 Recent Atlantic Ocean WoRMS 1030913
  493. Membranipora proboscinoides
  494. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Russia WoRMS 1405117
  495. Membranipora procurrens
  496. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Turonian England WoRMS 1405118
  497. Membranipora pseudelea
  498. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Germany WoRMS 1405119
  499. Membranipora pseudonormaniana
  500. Chiplonkar, 1939 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian India WoRMS 1405120
  501. Membranipora pudica
  502. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405121
  503. Membranipora pulchella
  504. (Canu & Bassler, 1930) Recent Mediterranean Tunisia WoRMS 469966
  505. Membranipora pygmaea
  506. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1412094
  507. Membranipora pyriformis
  508. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405122
  509. Membranipora pyropersiata
  510. Lecointre, 1912 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1405123
  511. Membranipora quadrata
    (Status?)
  512. (Demarest & Leseuer, 1814) Cenozoic France WoRMS 1414575
  513. Membranipora quadrata
  514. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian Tunisia WoRMS 1405124
  515. Membranipora quadrata
    (Homonym)
  516. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405125
  517. Membranipora quadrifascialis
  518. Canu, 1912 Paleogene Eocene Bartonian France WoRMS 1405126
  519. "Membranipora" ravni
  520. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405127
  521. Membranipora raymondi
  522. Hayami, 1975 Recent Northeast Pacific USA WoRMS 469963
  523. Membranipora regularis
  524. Namias, 1891 Neogene Pliocene Italy WoRMS 1405128
  525. Membranipora reticularis
  526. (Lamarck, 1816) Recent ? WoRMS 1030915
  527. Membranipora reyti
  528. Canu, 1909 Neogene Miocene Aquitanian-Burdigalian France WoRMS 1405129
  529. "Membranipora" rimulata
  530. Ulrich, 1901 Paleogene Paleocene Selandian USA Maryland WoRMS 1405130
  531. Membranipora roemeri
  532. (Lonsdale, 1850) Cretaceous England WoRMS 1412095
  533. Membranipora rotundicella
  534. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian Tunisia WoRMS 1405131
  535. Membranipora royana
  536. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412096
  537. Membranipora rupensis
  538. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405132
  539. Membranipora sandalina
  540. Brydone, 1918 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405133
  541. Membranipora santonensis
  542. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Late Cretaceous Santonian France WoRMS 1412097
  543. "Membranipora" scanica
  544. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany? WoRMS 1405134
  545. Membranipora scotneiensis
  546. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405135
  547. Membranipora seafordensis
  548. Brydone, 1918 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405136
  549. Membranipora securigera
  550. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405137
  551. "Membranipora" selandica
  552. Berthelsen, 1962 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405138
  553. "Membranipora" semilunaris
  554. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405139
  555. Membranipora septemtrionis
  556. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Sweden WoRMS 1405140
  557. Membranipora sevingtonensis
  558. Brydone, 1918 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405141
  559. Membranipora similis
  560. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Santonian France WoRMS 1412098
  561. Membranipora simillima
  562. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Campanian Russia WoRMS 1405142
  563. Membranipora simplex
  564. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412099
  565. "Membranipora" sinesolum
  566. Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian USA Mississippi WoRMS 1405143
  567. Membranipora sinsera
  568. Weiss, 1988 Neogene Miocene Russia WoRMS 1405144
  569. Membranipora smittii
  570. Manzoni, 1870 Neogene Pleistocene Italy WoRMS 1405145
  571. Membranipora sparksi
  572. Brydone, 1913 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405146
  573. Membranipora sparsispina
  574. Voigt, 1930 Paleogene Paleocene Danian Denmark WoRMS 1405147
  575. Membranipora spatulata
  576. Lecointre, 1912 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian France WoRMS 1405148
  577. Membranipora speciosa
  578. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405149
  579. Membranipora spiculata
  580. Canu & Bassler, 1923 Neogene Miocene USA North Carolina WoRMS 1405150
  581. Membranipora spiculifera
  582. Maplestone, 1900 Neogene Miocene Australia Victoria WoRMS 1405151
  583. Membranipora spinea
  584. Canu, 1917 Neogene Miocene Burdigalian France WoRMS 1405152
  585. Membranipora spinirecta
  586. David, 1949 Neogene Miocene Burdigalian France WoRMS 1405153
  587. Membranipora spinosissima
  588. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405154
  589. Membranipora strenua
  590. Voigt, 1924 Late Cretaceous Santonian Germany WoRMS 1405155
  591. Membranipora striata
  592. Okada, 1923 Recent Northwest Pacific Korea WoRMS 1030917
  593. Membranipora strigosa
  594. Waters, 1904 Recent Antarctic WoRMS 1030918
  595. Membranipora studlandensis
  596. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405156
  597. Membranipora subacuminata
  598. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405157
  599. Membranipora subcalceolus
  600. Favorskaya, 1980 Late Cretaceous Turkmenistan WoRMS 1405158
  601. Membranipora subcervicornis
  602. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Russia WoRMS 1405159
  603. "Membranipora" subcompressa
  604. (von Hagenow, 1851) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1412100
  605. Membranipora subovalis
  606. Canu, 1903 Late Cretaceous Tunisia WoRMS 1405160
  607. Membranipora subovata
  608. Novak, 1877 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian Czech Republic WoRMS 1405161
  609. Membranipora subpalpebra
  610. Voigt, 1967 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Russia WoRMS 1405162
  611. Membranipora subsculpta
  612. Canu, 1908 Neogene Pleistocene Argentina WoRMS 1405163
  613. Membranipora subtactimargo
  614. Voigt, 1962 Late Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1405164
  615. Membranipora? subvertebralis
  616. Favorskaja, 1992 Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1405165
  617. Membranipora sulcata
  618. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405166
  619. Membranipora tacaguana
  620. Weisbord, 1967 Neogene Pliocene Venezuela WoRMS 1405167
  621. Membranipora tactimargo
  622. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405168
  623. Membranipora taenialis
  624. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405169
  625. Membranipora taiwanica
  626. Hu, 1986 Neogene Pleistocene Taiwan WoRMS 1405170
  627. "Membranipora" tecta
  628. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany WoRMS 1405171
  629. Membranipora temporaria
  630. Waters, 1885 Neogene Miocene Australia SA WoRMS 1405172
  631. Membranipora tenera
  632. (Reuss, 1846) Late Cretaceous Turonian Czech Republic WoRMS 1412101
  633. Membranipora tenuimargo
  634. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405173
  635. Membranipora thanetiana
  636. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Santonian England WoRMS 1405174
  637. Membranipora thevenini
  638. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Turonian-Coniacian France WoRMS 1405175
  639. Membranipora transversa
  640. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412102
  641. Membranipora trimorpha
  642. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405176
  643. Membranipora tripunctata
    (Homonym)
  644. Waters, 1882 Paleogene Oligocene Australia SA WoRMS 1405177
  645. Membranipora trulla
  646. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1405178
  647. Membranipora tuberculifera
  648. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Campanian Sweden WoRMS 1405179
  649. Membranipora? tuberimargo
  650. Canu & Bassler, 1923 Neogene Miocene USA Maryland WoRMS 1405180
  651. Membranipora tubulina
  652. Canu, 1907 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian France WoRMS 1405181
  653. Membranipora tubulosa
  654. (d'Orbigny, 1853) Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1412104
  655. "Membranipora" tubulosa
    (Homonym)
  656. Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Oligocene Rupelian USA Alabama WoRMS 1405182
  657. Membranipora turbata
  658. Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1405183
  659. Membranipora unidentata
  660. (Lamouroux, 1816) Recent west South Pacific WoRMS 1030919
  661. Membranipora valentini
  662. Canu, 1908 Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1405184
  663. Membranipora variabilis
  664. (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian-Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1412105
  665. Membranipora varians
  666. Canu, 1904 Paleogene Eocene Tunisia WoRMS 1405185
  667. Membranipora vasculata
  668. (Lamouroux, 1816) Recent South Atlantic WoRMS 1030920
  669. Membranipora vectensis
  670. Brydone, 1916 Late Cretaceous Turonian England WoRMS 1405186
  671. Membranipora velamen
  672. (Goldfuss, 1826) Late Cretaceous Denmark WoRMS 1412106
  673. Membranipora vialowi
  674. Voigt, 1962 Late Cretaceous Russia WoRMS 1405187
  675. Membranipora vigintispinosa
  676. Levinsen, 1925 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Denmark WoRMS 1405188
  677. "Membranipora" vincularina
  678. Canu & Bassler, 1923 Neogene Miocene Serravallian-Tortonian USA Maryland WoRMS 1405189
  679. Membranipora virguliformis
  680. Gregory, 1893 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian France WoRMS 1405190
  681. Membranipora vittata
  682. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1405191
  683. Membranipora vittata gemina
  684. Brydone, 1929 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1414932
  685. Membranipora watersiana
  686. Canu, 1911 Late Cretaceous Argentina WoRMS 1405192
  687. Membranipora welshi
  688. Canu, 1900 Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Santonian France WoRMS 1405193
  689. "Membranipora" weybournensis
  690. (Brydone, 1930) Late Cretaceous Campanian-Maastrichtian England WoRMS 1412107
  691. "Membranipora" weybournensis sussexiensis
  692. Brydone, 1930 Late Cretaceous Coniacian England WoRMS 1414933
  693. Membranipora withersi
  694. Brydone, 1912 Late Cretaceous Campanian England WoRMS 1405194
Membranipora membranacea
Membranipora membranacea
(Also colour photo)

Membranipora membranacea at NEMESIS (National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System)

Membranipora membranacea at Discover Life.

Membranipora membranacea at APhotoMarine (Tower zooids!).

Membranipora membranacea at Bryozoans of the British Isles.

Membranipora membranacea at Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland, Ulster Museum.

Membranipora membranacea at Calphotos (Twinned ancestrulae!).

Photos of Membranipora sp. - at Phillip Colla Photography.


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Edited by Phil Bock
Modified on 10/11/2016
Modified on 28/8/2017 (Many changes)
Modified on 3/7/2018 (M. besoktiensis moved to Wilbertopora)
Modified on 13/10/2019 (Moved M. rectangulata, M.subclavatoides to Thyracella)
Modified on 10/6/2020 (Added WoRMS links)
Modified on 5/7/2020 (Moved M.arcuata to Electra)
Modified on 18/5/2021 (Moved M.okaiana to Conopeum)
This URL is http://bryozoa.net/cheilostomata/membraniporidae/membranipora.html