|PRESIDENT ELECT||Judith Winston|
|CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FACILITATOR||Patrick Wyse Jackson|
|PAST PRESIDENT||Dennis Gordon|
|PAST CONFERENCE HOSTS||Juan Cancino|
|Maria Christina Orellana|
|COUNCIL MEMBERS 2001-2007||Matthew Dick|
|Hans Arne Nakrem|
|COUNCIL MEMBERS 2004-2010||Aaron O'Dea|
|Maria Christina Orellana|
All correspondence should be addressed to:
International Bryozoology Association
c/o Dr Timothy Wood
Department of Biological Sciences
Wright State University
3640 Colonel Glenn Highway
Dayton, OH 45435, USA
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ISSUE
BRYOZOA is an annual Newsletter of the International Bryozoology Association, distributed to all IBA members and also to any interested persons upon request to the Secretary. This issue was mailed from Dayton, Ohio USA on February 10, 2005.
Andrej Ernst. I am staying in Kiel, working on Jurassic cyclostome bryozoans. My secondary interests are devoted to different topics in Paleozoic bryozoans (Ordovician to Permian), their taxonomy, biogeography and evolution.
Marcus Key, Jr. Patrick Wyse Jackson just finished a productive 6 month sabbatical with me at Dickinson College. We were mainly working on the C and O isotopes of trepostome bryozoans from Estonia which we collected in June of 2004 (thanks to a grant from the Petroleum Research Fund) with the help of Andrej Ernst at Kiel University and Linda Hints at Tallinn Technical University.
Piotr Kuklinski. See APaul Taylor.@
Antoinetta Rosso. Besides local projects, I am presently involved in a National FIRB project coordinated by Prof. Corselli on deep-water coral communities from the Mediterranean area: "Deep sea coral banks on the Apulian Plateau (Ionian Sea)" aiming to map deep water coral (mainly Lophelia and Madrepora) banks monitoring chimico-physical environmental parameters and to analyse composition and structure of the present day community versus palaeocommunities and to individuate facies within banks and relationships with neighbouring communities.
Joachim Scholz. (January 24, 2005) Today I returned from Hamburg because of the collection of the late Professor Voigt - about 40 m3 of samples that will now arrive in Frankfurt on February 4. I shall write a respective report for the IBA, maybe soon thereafter.
Paul Taylor. Piotr Kuklinski will be commencing an EU funded Marie Curie Fellowship with me at the NHM in January 2005. The project, entitled ABiodiversity and adaptation in Arctic bryozoans,@ runs for two years. We would be interested in hearing from anyone who has collections of Recent bryozoans from the Arctic.
Kevin Tillbrook. I want to get hold of a set of the Harmer's 'Siboga' volumes, especially the anascans vol. of 1926 and the ascophorans vol. of 1957. The latter is top of my list!
John Utgaard. All of my latest (post-retirement) publications, research projects, and
other information is on my website: http://www.science.siu.edu/geology/people/utgaard/index.html
Mark Wilson. I am presently the Program Coordinator of the Paleontological Society. I would love to help coordinate any bryozoan-related topical sessions for the upcoming 2005 GSA Annual Meeting in Salt Lake City or the 2006 meeting in Philadelphia.
Paul Taylor and I continue to work on the evolution of marine hard substrate communities. Our subjects include encrusters of all kinds as well as borers and bioimmurations. We also have projects concerning the systematics of Ordovician bryozoans and the proper taxonomy of hederellids. You can visit our bioerosion website for recent comprehensive bibliographies of hard substrate studies: http://www.wooster.edu/geology/Bioerosion/Bioerosion.html
Judith Winston. At VMNH we are in the middle of exhibit design, trying to do in 6 months what most insitutions take 3 years to do -- because our new building is going up and construction is supposed to be done by next fall. It will probably take another year to get exhibits built and everything moved so the official opening will be in early 2007. I'm about to head for Brazil to finish the the bryozoan identifications for the study of the marine fauna of the state of Sno Paulo being carried out by scientists from the BIOTA/FAPESP/Bentos Marinho Project. There will be a guidebook produced with species descriptions for the more common bryozoans (with color pictures!). This time I hope to collect at some of Marcus's sites around Santos. I'll be at CEBIMar until Feb. 19th (but will be able to get my webmail). No publications for 2005, but just saw proofs for one that will be out shortly, and should have proof of Smitt by the time I get back.
Abby Smith. I was asked by a NZ musical duo, which records songs for children with astrong conservation bent, if they could use one of my bryozoan photos for their most recent CD. It came out today and it turns out they actually put the photo right on the CD -- it looks wicked.
Fatcat & Fishface's fourth album: "Pretty Ugly" features photos and drawings of deepwater fishes and other odd-looking marine organisms. This Wellington duo specialises in conservation lyrics for kids, such as "I'm a wingless bat fly, fly without a wing, So what if I am wingless, I live upon a bat... What about the bat fly? Who will save the bat fly? Me." The theme of the CD is ugly but important creatures, and among other illustrations it includes an SEM of Microporella discors (taken by me) printed on the CD itself. My students call this photo "The Toad Choir" and maybe you can see why. For further info visit www.fatcat-fishface.com.
Judy Winston Becomes IBA President-Elect
In a special election held last spring Judy Winston was chosen by the membership to succeed Paul Taylor as President of the International Bryozoology Association. Judys term will begin at the final business meeting of the Fourteenth Conference to be held in July, 2007 (see Conference information elsewhere in this Newsletter). Congratulations to Judy, and many thanks to all the very worthy candidates who were nominated for this election.
uBio, in conjunction with the Zoological Society of London, announces completion of the digital conversion of Volumes 1-9 of Nomenclator Zoologicus, a compilation of approximately 347,000 zoological genera and subgenera from 1758-1994. (See http://www.ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus).
This work was undertaken with permission from the Zoological Society of London and supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and GBIF at the MBLWHOI Library in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Final revision continues. David Remsen, uBIO Project Developer, is seeking expert volunteers to review 100 page segments to ensure that the final digitized product is as close to a perfect reproduction as possible. These editors will receive a data DVD containing the final product and all page images for offline availability. Anyone interested please contact David at email@example.com.
The final version of these data will be publicly available online through the ZSL and uBio web sites. Comments are welcome and can be addressed to David Remsen at the above email address or at Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
Dennis Gordons comment: This resource is utterly valuable to any taxonomist inventing new names, in order to avoid homonymy. [I myself overlooked an existing name when I coined Harpago in 1989, which means this genus needs a new name.] Usefully, it seems to return any part of a name, whether at front or back (or middle?) of a genus name. You can search by author too."
The following letter was forwarded last month from Prof. Dr. Harald Schliemann
Zoologisches Museum, Martin-Luther-King-Pl. 3, D-20146 Hamburg)
The Zoological Museum in Hamburg, now more than 160 years old and housing numerous collections with world reputation is in acute danger of being cut down or even given up. The situation is as follows:
Authorities and President of our university are planning to move the Zoology Museum and Institute) to another spot (in Botany) where for economical reasons empty places shall be occupied. The current Zoology building is intended for the faculty of Computer Sciences after Zoology has been moved out; obviously, the translocation of the computer people to our place is politically of high priority, and it saves money.
Because of a general lack of money available for public planning, the financing of a new Zoology building of necessary dimensions at the new location seems to be impossible; at least 5000 square meters for the collections in a new building are needed, the collections cannot fit into the empty places in Botany. This is the background for discussions about to giving away parts of the collections or to abandon the museum altogether.
It seems surrealistic to the members of staff that a museum of international scientific reputation could be cut down or even given up. But obviously, just this is the brutal truth. In this situation we must rely on the help of colleagues and friends who are willing and prepared to explain the scientific value of natural collections for up-to-date research, and that parting with collections means irrecoverable losses of most precious materials. And everybody should know that the appreciation and understanding in Hamburg of organismic biology, systematic collections, research in the field biodiversity up to now is at a very low level.
We shall be most grateful for your help. Letters (with copy for us) should be addressed to:
Senator Dr. J. Dräger Dr. Dr. J. Lüthje
Behörde für Wissenschaft und Gesundheit Präsident der Universität Hamburg
Hamburger Straße 37 Edmund-Siemers-Allee 1
D-22083 Hamburg D-20146 Hamburg
Fax +49 40 428 38 6799 Fax +49 40 428 38 3722
From the Senkenberg Museum Joachim Scholz adds:
Juergen Kaselowsky has inventoried the collection of Hamburg Bryozoa for the German knot of GBIF International. Indeed the collection is the third-most important collection of Bryozoan types in Germany, surpassed by the Voigt collection but nearly the equal of the collection in Berlin.
The news from Hamburg are very bad, indeed. I have forwarded your information to our director & will keep you updated on what can be done now. Everything must be tried to keep the barbarians away from the walls - either in Hamburg, or thru evacuation of the refugees to Frankfurt. Thank you very much for bringing this matter to our attention.
Emmy Wöss announces a special Bryozoa exhibition to be held April 21 to 25 September in Linz, at the biology centre of the Museum of Upper Austria (http://www.biologiezentrum.at). Entitled "Neptunschleier & Co," the exhibit will feature a 1,8 meter model of a freshwater bryozoan and different types of statoblasts in matching dimensions. Amongst other things, displays will include a bryozoan reef, provided by the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt, and aquaria with freshwater and marine bryozoans, particularly from the Adriatic sea. There will also be a presentation of bryozoan fossils and localities in Austria. The catalogue for the exhibition is published in the monographic series Denisia (named according to the Upper Austrian tranlator, librarian and lepidopterologist Michael Denis, 1729-1800) and contains 32 contributions, 22 of them dealing with freshwater bryozoology.
Emmy writes, I want to thank very much all IBA members who contributed to this exhibition by providing photo material and specimens, and especially for their contributions to Denisia. Towards the end of the exhibition, during September 8-10, a Bryozoa workshop in the English language will take place at the biology centre of the Museum of Upper Austria. The invitation and registration form for this workshop will be sent via email to all IBA members. I hope that many of you find the opportunity to attend the workshop and exhibition, and I look forward to welcoming you to Austria!
Proceedings of the 13th International Bryozoology Association Conference, Concepción, Chile, January 2004
This volume contains 36 papers presented at the 13th International Conference of the International Bryozoology Association held in Concepción, Chile from the 11th to the 16th of January, 2004 and hosted by Universidad de Concepción and Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción. In addition it includes the last paper on bryozoans to be written by Tom Bolton before his death in 1997.
For a limited time copies of the book may be ordered through Patrick Wyse Jackson. The price is €45, which includes packing and shipping. When Patricks supply is gone he will direct you to publisher, where the price may be double or more.
Table of Contents
Life, death and fighting at high latitude: a review - D.K.A. Barnes
Late Miocene Bryozoa from the Guadalquivir Basin (SW Spain): eastern Atlantic and western Mediterranean environment and biogeography - B. Berning, P. Moissette & C. Betzler
Bryozoa of the Romaine and Mingan (Middle Ordovician) Formations (Lower and Middle Ordovician) of the Mingan Islands, Quebec, Canada - T.E. Bolton & R.J. Cuffey
Bryozoan Species and Roles in Small Waulsortian-Like Mud-Mound Bioherms in the Mississippian of the American Mid-West - R.J. Cuffey
Lower Carboniferous Bryozoa from some localities in Sauerland, Germany - A. Ernst
Bryozoans from the Artinskian (Lower Permian) Great Bear Cape Formation, Ellesmere Island (Canadian Arctic) - A. Ernst & H.A. Nakrem
Taxonomic composition and structure of bryozoan-associated biofilms from Japan and New Zealand - G. Gerdes, J. Kaselowsky, A. Lauer, S.F. Mawatari & J. Scholz
The cheilostomatous genera of Alcide dOrbigny nomenclatural and taxonomic status - D.P. Gordon & P.D. Taylor
Oshurkovia: a new genus of Umbonulidae (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) from the northwest Pacific - A.V. Grischenko & S.F. Mawatari
Diversity, evolution and palaeoecology of the Tertiary bryozoan assemblages of western Kachchh, Gujarat, India - A.K. Guha & K. Gopikrishna
Revised biological definition of the Bryozoa - J.-L. dHondt
A review of non-commensal loxosomatids: collection, culture, and taxonomy, with new implications to the benefit of commensalism (Entoprocta: Loxosomatidae) - T. Iseto
Gigantism in Permian trepostomes from Greenland: testing the algal symbiosis hypothesis using d13C and d18O values - M.M. Key, Jr., P.N. Wyse Jackson, E. Håkansson, W.P. Patterson & M.D. Moore
Bryozoan mode of life in the high Arctic dynamic fjordic environment, Spitsbergen - P. Kuklinski
Bryodiversity on coastal boulders at Spitsbergen - P. Kuklinski & D.K.A. Barnes
Cheilostomate Bryozoa of the Bellingshausen Sea (Western Antarctica): a preliminary report of the results of the Bentart 2003 Spanish Expedition - C.M. López-Fé
The potential role of microbial activity and mineralization in exoskeletal development in Microporellidae - P.A. Morris & D.F. Soule
Bryozoa of the CIMAR-7 Expedition to the Aysenian fjords and channels, southern Chile - H.I. Moyano G.
Some middle Permian bryozoans from Svalbard, Arctic Norway - H.A. Nakrem
Morphological differentiation in the Celleporella hyalina (Linnaeus, 1767) complex (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) along the Chilean coast - A. Navarrete Z., J.M. Cancino, H.I. Moyano G.& R.N. Hughes
Submarine freshwater springs in the Adriatic Sea: a unique habitat for the bryozoan Pentapora fascialis - M. Novosel, G. Olujic, S. Cocito & A. Pozar-Domac
Ovicell development in the early calloporid Wilbertopora Cheetham, 1954 (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) from the mid-Cretaceous of the USA - A.N. Ostrovsky & P.D. Taylor
Taxonomy and distribution of Bugula (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata: Anasca) in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil - L. Vieira Ramalho, G. Muricy & P.D. Taylor
Bryozoans and stratigraphy, Upper Richmondian (Cincinnatian, Ordovician) - J.R.P. Ross & C.A. Ross
Bryozoan facies in deep-sea Pleistocene environments of southern Italy - A. Rosso
Variation in zooid size in two west European species of Alcyonidium (Ctenostomatida) - J.S. Ryland & J.S. Porter
Palaeoenvironments of Eocene Bryozoa, St Vincent Basin, South Australia - R. Schmidt & Y. Bone
Infestation of a temperate reservoir by freshwater bryozoans: an integrated research programme - A.M. Smith, M.A. Brunton & P.B. Batson
Ovicell pores and frontal wall pore sieve plates in eastern Pacific Microporellidae - D.F. Soule, P.A. Morris & H.W. Chaney
Freshwater Bryozoa of Italy. A survey of some species from the Italian bryozoan collection of A. Viganò with new records - M.I. Taticchi & G. Pieroni
Preliminary overview of the cheilostome bryozoan Microporella - P.D. Taylor & S.F. Mawatari
A biogeographical analysis of Indo-West Pacific cheilostome bryozoan faunas - K.J. Tilbrook & S. De Grave
Some remarkable Bryozoa from the Neogene of Moravia (Czech Republic) - N. Vávra
The higher phylogeny of phylactolaemate bryozoans inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences - T.S. Wood & M.B. Lore
The distribution of freshwater bryozoans in Austria - E.R. Wöss
A bryozoan fauna from the Carboniferous (Mississippian, Late Viséan) of the Velbert Anticline, Germany - P.N. Wyse Jackson & H.M. Weber
A bryozoan and foraminifera association from the Miocene of Podbrezice, south Moravia (Czech Republic): an environmental history - K. Zágorsek & K. Holcová
List of participants
Late breaking news
As BRYOZOA 2004 goes to press we have learned of two more deaths in the community of bryozoologists. Feng-Shen Xia writes from the Nanjing Institute of Paleonmtology: With deep sorrow I let you know that Prof. Yang Jing-Zhi, one of the pioneers of modern paleontological sciences, particularly in Fossil Bryozoa, in China, also one of my good teachers, died on March 30 last year, dying from his organic failures, and died at the age of ninety-three. We are deeply grieved over the loss of an eminent colleague and kind teacher.
Diethardt Jebram also died last March.
The official IBA website is hosted by the Natural History Museum in London. Designed originally by Aaron ODea, the site has now is revised and maintained by Rolf Schmidt.
Among the features is a listing of IBA members, including email addresses, a brief description of research interests, and links to their personal/professional websites.
There are also links to the 2007 Conference web page as well as tables of contents of all published conference proceeding dating from the first conference in 1968 (also available at the Bryozoa Website below).
Under Newsletter there are electronic copies of the annual document from 1996 to 2003. Under Fun you will find photos, cartoons, and some really sick bryozoan jokes.
Rolf Schmidt welcomes your suggestions and updates to the website. Contact him.
Find the website at www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/iba/
The original IBA Bryozoa website, developed and maintained by Phil Bock continues to grow and prosper. Based at RMIT University in Australia, the site has become an important and exhaustive repository of species information and photos.
Also here you will find IBA information, a growing digital library of early taxonomic works, a bryozoan glossary, links to member websites and relevant journals, and much more.
Phil writes, The addition of scanned publications proceeds very slowly. Some may have
noticed the addition of copies of Busk (1884 - "Challenger" Expedition Part 1) (as images), and the main text from Jelly (1889) (as text) to the web pages.
I have collected electronic versions of Linnaeus (1767), Lamarck (1816), Lamouroux (1824) and several d'Orbigny publications from Gallica. These files are too large for use on the Bryozoa Home Page, but they can be sent on request to anyone. (Using a CD by mail).
Most recent publications are protected under copyright, but keeping a copy for long-term storage is clearly advantageous.
It is clearly desirable ultimately to collect electronic versions of all useful publications,
and to maintain a (central or decentralised) repository. Many of us have probably obtained
some of these files as interlibrary loans. If you wish, they can be sent to Phil Bock. Alternatively, they can be posted on your local webserver, and the location or URL can
be made public. At present, the pages can be retained as a graphic file (such as compressed TIFF files) or as PDF files, which are excellent for compression. In the long term I see the development of a taxonomic file-sharing system comparable to that used for copying music files.
One of the features of web resources is that you can reference a wide range of material
from different sources in a single document. If you have access to a local web server, then you can add documents or images, which can then be incorporated into other resources anywhere else.
Now I make my usual plea for corrections and critical comments to improve the reliability
of the information on the web pages. The information has been accumulated in a haphazard way. There are still undiscovered errors lurking, and I would appreciate suggestions for improvements. Additional useful links to other resources, including websites for journals would also be welcomed.
Comments about the website as well as contributions of photos and information should be sent to Phil Bock at his new email address, firstname.lastname@example.org.
For the past 100 years, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature has provided the cornerstone of all zoology and applications that use animal names. It has developed the Code that zoologists use to name new species and has resolved thousands of naming problems. Despite these critical roles, the Commission receives no regular financial contributions from any official agency. It survives on donations from various organizations and individuals, the voluntary input of expertise and time from Commissioners, and from the sale of its publications.
With all these considerations in mind, the International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature (the Trust) that manages the Commission's finances is therefore appealing on behalf of the Commission for assistance towards a total endowment of US $5 million. With the interest from this capital reserve the Trust could employ a Scientific Officer, Senior Scientific Officer and a Principal Scientific Officer at realistic salaries (employment costs collectively estimated to be around of US $200,000 p.a. including all employer contributions to National Insurance and pension provisions). In addition, the Commission would be able to invest in and maintain the computer equipment necessary to serve the zoological community effectively in the developing field of web-based taxonomy (estimated cost US $10,000 p.a.). An endowment of this amount would mean that the Commission would be able to provide the Code, lists of approved names and perhaps even the Bulletin free of charge and easily accessible on the Internet. Such an endowment would allow the Commission to develop its role in providing the nomenclatural stability that must underlie web-based taxonomy and the formation of biodiversity inventories.
For copies of the Supplement to Volume 60 of The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, descriptive brochure and more information about how you can contribute to this important work, please contact Dr Catherine Macdonald, Appeal Secretary, ITZN, c/o Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD. e-mail: email@example.com.
© International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature
(26 September 1915 - 16 November 2004)
Elena I. Androsova was born on September 1915 in the town Rybinsk in the Yaroslavsky province of Russia, to the family of an agriculturist and a teacher. During 1921 she and her parents moved from Rybinsk to Petrograd, and in 1933 she began her studies in the Faculty of Biology, Leningrad State University. After completing her degree in 1938 in the Department Ichthyology and Hydrobiology, she worked as a scientific researcher at the State Research Institute on Lake and River Fisheries (GosNIORKH). She was a postgraduate student between 1939 and1941 in the Biological Department of the State Pediatric Medical Institute.
During World War 2 she dug entrenchments near Leningrad in 1941 and worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Pediatric Medical Institute before being evacuated for the period 1942-1944. She was awarded with a medal For valorous work in the Great Domestic war.
She began work again in 1944 as an engineer-chemist and head of a chemical laboratory in Krivoi Rog city. After returning to Leningrad in 1946 she worked at the Department of Ichthyology and Hydrobiology, Leningrad State University, and in the Zoological Institute RAN. During this period she studied Bryozoa under the guidance of Hermann A. Kluge. Elena I. Androsova completed her PhD in1953 on Bryozoa (Cheilostomata) of the northern part of the Japan Sea. She was subsequently invited to work at the Zoological Institute RAN and was employed there from 1956 until the end of her scientific career, completing more than 30 publications about recent bryozoans from various regions of the world. This research established her as an authority on bryozoans both in Russia and abroad. Elena I. Androsova took part in many expeditions to the Northern and Far Eastern Seas (Southern Sakhalin) and also collected bryozoans in the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea. In addition she studied the Bryozoa of the Southern Chinese and Yellow Seas which were collected by the expeditions of the Zoological Institute. Continuing the researches of Kluge, she worked on Antarctic and Subantarctic bryozoan collections, paying particular attention to the Cyclostomata, and also studied aspects of bryozoan ontogeny, growth and ecology. She participated in many Russian bryozoology conferences and was a long-term member the International Bryozoology Association.
Androsova, E.I. 1958. [Bryozoa of the Order Cheilostomata of the northern part of the Japan Sea]. Issledovania dalnevostochnych morei SSSR, 5: 1-204. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I., Kluge, H.A. & Gostilovskaya, M.G. 1959. [A list of fauna from marine waters of Southern Sakhalin and the southern Kurile Islands. Type Tentaculata. Class Bryozoa.] Issledovaniya dalnevostochnych morei SSSR, 6: 209-213. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1959. Some data about the fauna of Bryozoa of the Yellow Sea. Archiv Institute Oceanologica Sinica, 1 (4): 1-70.
Androsova, E.I. 1962. [Tropical bryozoan Adeona macrothyris Kirchenpauer- an indicator of strong currents]. Zoological Journal, XLI (4); 626-627. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1962. [Bryozoa of the Baltic Sea]. Zoological Journal, 41 (6): 826-832. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1963. Bryozoa of the Southern Chinese Sea. Studia Marina Sinica, 4: 21-47.
Androsova, E.I. 1965. [Bryozoa of the Orders Cyclostomata and Ctenostomata of the northern part of the Japan Sea]. Issledovaniya fauny morei, 3 (9): 72-114. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1968. [Deepwater and eurybathal Bryozoa of the Pacific Ocean]. Nauka: 90-91. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1968. [Bryozoa of the orders Ctenostomata and Cyclostomata from Antarctic and Subantarctic]. Issledovaniya fauny morei, 6 (14): 35-84. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1968. Bryozoa Cyclostomata and Ctenostomata of Antarctic and Subantarctic (Preliminary Report). Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. e. Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano, 108: 258-260.
Androsova, E.I. 1968. [Dangerous Bryozoa]. Priroda, 8: 106-107. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1971. [Bryozoa of Posijet Bay, Japan Sea]. Issledovaniya fauny morei, 7(16), p.144-150. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1972. Marine Invertebrates from Adelie Land. 6. Bryozoa. Tethys suppl., 4: 87-102.
Androsova, E.I. 1971. [Biology and distribution of Bryozoa, Family Heteroporidae]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 1: 1341-1346. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1973. Bryozoa Cheilostomata (Anasca) of the Antarctic and Subantarctic. Pp. 369-373, in G.P. Larwood (ed.), Living and Fossil Bryozoa, London (Academic Press).
Androsova, E.I. 1976. [Type Tentaculata. Class Bryozoa. Pp. 111-113, in The animals and plants of Peter the Great Bay. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1977. [Bryozoa in biocenoses of the Franz Josef Islands]. Issledovaniya fauny morei , vol.14, p.194-204. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1977. [On pecularities in the distribution of the bryozoan Bugula pacifica Robertson]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 56 (5): 795-797. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1981. [Morphological features of Antarctic Bryozoa]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 60 (5): 718-724. (In Russian)
Androsova, E.I. 1982. [Renaming of Bryozoa of the genus Klugea (Bryozoa, Heteroporidae)]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 61 (9): 1441. (In Russian)
Bauer, O.N., Androsova, E.I. 2000.[Freshwater moss animals(Bryozoa:Phylactolaemata)-vectors of desease of Salmonidae]. Parasitology, 34(3): 247-249. (In Russian)
Ushakov, P.V. and Androsova, E.I. 2002. [Herman A. Kluge. A profile.]. Trudy Zooligicheskogo Institute RAN, 292: 69-76. (In Russian)
(From Valentina Gontar)
As a young person, before university studies, Krister Brood started as an ornithologist, one of those Swedes that has seen more than 300 species in Sweden. He was said to have a capacity for extremely quick observation, and could habitually identify some far away disappearing birds... a popular term appeared, "to brood", which was to identify something no one else in the group had noticed.
However, at Stockholm University Krister started studying cyclostomatous bryozoans mainly from the upper Cretacous of Sweden and Denmark. He earned his Ph D at the Dept of Palaeontology in the late 1970s with Dr Alan Cheetham as "main opponent." Swedish rules at that time made the doctoral dissertation a full day event with three specially invited opponents who in public should attack the young respondent. Everyone was formally dressed with tails and so on.
Krister then took a position at the State Museum of Natural History in the Museum section with responsibility for the exhibitions. As an example of Krister's energy and ability, he changed a whole section of the museum from exposed whale skeletons, collected late 1800's and badly smelling from cleaning processes of that time, into a modern show of marine life in the Antarctic. For lack of staff, Krister did most -or all- cooking and cleaning of these gigantic pieces of bone himself. This section is today a very popular part of the museum. Krister still found time to publish. He expanded from the Cretaceous to publish also on Swedish Palaeozoic Bryozooans and a few other Ordovician-Silurian fossils.
Krister was a man who acted in his own way, and came in conflict with the Museum Head. In Sweden it is quite common for the Government to give high positions to people who have served the Government, regardless of their competence in the particular field. So sometime during the 1980s Krister walked out of the Museum and began a new career on his own, writing in popular science for the young public and also translating books into Swedish in the same field.
(From Sten Schager)
Paul Taylor: Krister made very significant contributions to our science and his memory will live on via the many works that he published, particularly on fossil cyclostome bryozoans. I recall meeting Krister for the first time at a Systematics Association Conference in Durham during the 1970s. Krister was the first cyclostome specialist I had met after beginning a doctorate on Jurassic cyclostomes. He was extremely helpful and candid - for me it was especially reassuring to learn from Krister that cyclostomes really were as difficult to identify as I had been finding in the early months of my research.
June Ross: Dr. Krister Brood shared with me a deep interest in cyclostome bryozoans. I very much appreciated his interest.
Shuzitu Oda, a long-time IBA member, died January 14, 2003, just before the opening of the 13th IBA Conference in Chile. He was 81.
Dr. Oda began his professional career in 1952 as a lecturer at Rikkyo University (also known as St. Pauls) in Tokyo. Two years later he published the first of many papers on freshwater bryozoans, the topics ranging from ecology and taxonomy to genetics and microstructure. morphology. Shuzitu Oda was among the first to describe the massive colonies of Pectinatella magnifica (the size of a sheeps body) that appeared in Japan from North America in the early 1970s.
Dr. Oda was recognized as a skilled photographer.
Colleagues remember him as a very honest person who was particularly fond of nature.
Students recall that he tried to focus their attention on the seasons and in his lectures used the changes in the seasons outside as means to organize biological principles and illustrate examples. On campus he planted different trees that had been described in the bible (Rikkyo is a Christian university) and had them all labeled so that one could learn the trees. He also cared for the trees as they grew over the years and took great care that the labels did not damage the tree surface.
Member of the Japan Nature Science Photo Association
Member of Nicole Club
1962 Nicole Photo Contest Part 3. Category of Nature Science Photography, Highest Honor
1968 Nicole Photo Contest Part 3. Category of Nature Photography
Oda and Shuzitu: The memory of A moment - Approach to nuclear problems-
Oda, S. 1954. [On the double monsters of polypides in freshwater Bryozoa.] Collecting & Breeding 16: 15-18. (In Japanese).
Oda, S. 1954. Radiosensitivity in Lophopodella carteri, a freshwater Bryozoan. Science Reports of Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku Section B 7: 211-217.
Oda, S. 1955. Variability of the statoblast in Lophopodella carteri. Science Reports Tokyo Kyoiku Daig. Section B. 8 (115): 1-22
Oda, S. 1959. Germination of the statoblasts in freshwater Bryozoa. Science Reports Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku. Section B. 9(135): 90-132
Oda, S. 1960. Relation between sexual and asexual reproduction in freshwater Bryozoa. Bulletin of Marine Biological Station of Asamushi Tohoku University 10: 111-116.
Oda, S. 1961. [Observations on Cristatella mucedo, a freshwater bryozoan]. Collecting and Breeding 23: 39-44. (In Japanese).
Oda, S. 1963. Factors causing variation in the statoblasts in Lophopodella. Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Zoology (Washington, D.C.). 1, 35. $
Oda, S. 1970. [Fine structure of the surface of the statoblasts of Lophopodella carteri.] Zool. Mag . Tokyo 79: 348. (In Japanese).
Oda, S. 1974. Pectinatella magnifica occurring in Lake Shoji, Japan. Proc. Jap. Soc. Syst. Zool. 10: 31-39
Oda, S. 1976. [The covering membranes and the gelatinous layer of a statoblast.] Zool. Mag. Tokyo 85: 341. (In Japanese).
Oda, S. 1979. Germination of the statoblasts of Pectinatella magnifica, a freshwater bryozoan. Pages 93-112, in Advances in Bryozoology. Larwood & Abbott..... $
Oda, S. 1980. Effects of light on the germination of statoblasts in freshwater Bryozoa. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 53:238-253.
Oda, S. 1982. Urnatella gracilis, a freshwater kamptozoan occurring in Japan. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 55(3): 151-166.
Oda, S. 1987. Abnormal polypides in Pectinatella magnifica, a freshwater bryozoan. In: Bryozoa: present and past. Pp 191-196 in: Ross,J.R.P. (Ed.) Bryozoa: Present and Past. Bellingham: Western Washington University.
Oda, S. 1990. Life cycle of Pectinatella magnifica, a freshwater bryozoan. Pp 43-48 in: Hoshi, M & O. Yamashita (eds.) Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction 5. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publisher B.V. (Biochemical Division).
Oda, S. 1997. A transition of the distribution of Pectinatella magnifica, a freshwater bryozoan, in Japan. Professor Sumio Sakagami Memorial Volume, 1997. P. 31-45.
Oda, S. & H. Mukai 1985. Fine surface structure of the statoblasts of higher phylactolaemate bryozoans. Pp 233-244 in: (Nielsen,C & G.P. Larwood (eds.) Bryozoa: Ordovician to Recent., Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, 233-244
Oda, S. & R.M. Nakamura 1973. The occurrence of double polypides in freshwater Bryozoa. Pp523-528 in: Larwood, G. & M.B. Abbott (eds.) Advances in Bryozoology. London: Academic Press.
Oda, S. & R.M. Nakamura 1980. Sexual reproduction in Pectinatella gelatinosa, a freshwater bryozoan. Proc. Jap. Soc. Syst. Zool. 19: 38-44.
The death of Professor Ehrhard Voigt on 22 November 2004 brought to an end the career of one of the greatest ever bryozoologists. Born on 28 July 1905 in Schönebeck/Elbe the son of a chemist, Ehrhard Voigt published his first paper on fossil bryozoans at the age of 18 (Voigt, 1923). Legend has it that the publisher was dumbfounded when the schoolboy author arrived to collect his reprints. He was still working on papers when he died at the age of 99; the last one to appear while he was alive was a paper coauthored with Andrej Ernst in the 2002 volume of Paläontologische Zeitschrift (Ernst & Voigt, 2002). I know of no other scientist with an 80 year long record of publications.
Professor Voigt went to school in Gießen and Dessau before studying geology, palaeontology, mineralogy and zoology at the universities of Halle and Munich. His mentor was Johannes Weigelt with whom he worked initially as an unpaid assistant in the Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut at the Universität Halle. In 1929 he was awarded a doctorate for his work on the sediments of the Upper Cretaceous. Between 1930 and 1934 he led the geological excavations at the Geiseltal where Eocene lignites yielded some remarkable fossils, such as lizards with preserved red blood cells and striated muscles in beetles (see Voigt, 1988). His habilitation thesis, awarded in 1935, concerned the fossil fishes from the Geiseltal. In order to study the soft-bodied fossils from the Geiseltal he devised the Lackfilm method for taking surface peels. This was subsequently used by geologists and archaeologists (see Voigt & Gittins, 1977) for making pulls of soft sediment profiles, and also adopted by artists impressed with the decorative qualities of the natural canvases that it was possible to make from, for example, iron-stained, multicoloured sands.
Professor Voigt was appointed to a lectureship at the Universität Halle in 1936. Three years later he moved to the chair of Geologie und Paläontologie in Hamburg. Any hopes of establishing a stable platform for his work there were soon put paid by the outbreak of World War 2. While serving as a geologist in the German army, his institute in Hamburg was destroyed by allied bombing and his collection of bryozoans and other fossils was lost. Professor Voigt himself was captured on the eastern front and held prisoner by the Russians. On returning to Hamburg after the war he was able to resume his academic career, rebuilding the institute and gradually accumulating a new and larger research collection. For the remainder of his life he was based in Hamburg, becoming Professor Emeritus in 1970 and continuing to undertake research until just before his death. Many bryozoologists were welcomed by him to his home (Parkallee 7), a large apartment he rented in order to be close to the university with the scanning electron microscope that became such an essential tool in his research. At Parkallee 7 his enormous bryozoan collection occupied thousands of cavity slides, shoe boxes and trays distributed through almost every room, apart from the kitchen which was the reserve of his tolerant and long-suffering wife Ellinor.
The scientific achievements of Professor Voigt were numerous and varied. He authored papers on synsedimentary tectonics (e.g., Voigt, 1977a), the genesis of flint (e.g., Voigt, 1979b), hardgrounds (e.g., Voigt, 1959), Cretaceous-Paleocene stratigraphy (e.g., Voigt, 1981b) and trace fossils (e.g., Voigt, 1977b). However, bryozoans were his first (and indeed last) passion he published more than 120 papers on bryozoans, the majority concerning species from the Upper Cretaceous of northern Europe which is very rich and diverse. Although he was later to feel embarrassed by the quality of its photographic illustrations, one of his most important works was an early monograph of the Upper Cretaceous bryozoans from northwest Germany, Scandanavia and the Netherlands (Voigt, 1930). This not only contains a great deal of still valuable systematic and biostratigraphical data but also provides the only photographic documentation of specimens destroyed during World War 2.
A particular focus of Professor Voigts research was the bryozoan fauna of the type Maastrichtian in The Netherlands. He spent many weeks collecting around Maastricht and amassed huge collections from the Tuff-Kreide and Kunrade Beds. These formed the basis for a series of systematic and paleoecological papers, although he was never able to complete a projected monograph of bryozoans from the Tuff-Kreide. His palaeoecological research at Maastricht included studies of the exquisitely preserved faunas encrusting the walls of pre-cementational burrows in hardgrounds. The Tuff-Kreide also provided him with a major source of bioimmured fossils (e.g., Voigt, 1979a), many associated with seagrasses (Voigt, 1981a). He was the first palaeontologist to recognize the importance of bioimmuration for the preservation of soft-bodied and other delicate fossils, especially ctenostome bryozoans, hydroids and algae. An astute observer of detail, he had an uncanny ability to unearth unusual specimens. The key dOrbigny Collection of bryozoans housed at the Museum National dHistoire Naturelle in Paris benefited greatly from the attentions given it by Professor Voigt he sorted through countless syntypic series, pinpointed figured specimens and chose lectotypes for dOrbignys myriad bryozoan species from the Upper Cretaceous. In collaboration with Dennis Gordon, he did much to solve the problem of the evolutionary origin of ascophoran cheilostomes (Gordon and Voigt, 1996).
Professor Voigt was an active member of the IBA, attending all of the international conferences between Milan (1968) and Swansea (1992), after which time his deteriorating health prohibited him from travelling appreciable distances. He will be especially remembered at these conferences for his legendary photocards. These annotated record cards, on which were glued photographs and scanning electron micrographs of bryozoans, would be shown around to as many people as possible for comment.
I first met Professor Voigt at the second Durham IBA conference in 1980 and feel honoured to have collaborated with him on several small projects. He proved such an avid correspondent that during the 1980s and early 1990s I found it very difficult to keep up with the constant flow of letters he sent me. All were replete with perceptive observations about his bryozoan discoveries and pointers to obscure literature, and most contained photographs of specimens. Numerous parcels also arrived with generous donations of identified material for the NHM or loans of specimens critical to my own research. Im sure I am not the only bryozoologist to have benefited from Professor Voigts generosity, wisdom and knowledge. Visits to Hamburg showed me his extreme dedication and industry. He worked very long hours, made no distinction between weekdays and weekends, and took precious few holidays. A typical day for me when visiting Hamburg would consist of a 9.00 am arrival at his apartment followed by twelve hours or more of study. I was only permitted to return to my accommodation well into the evening, and even then on the understanding that I took with me a pile of papers to be read overnight. Meanwhile, Professor Voigt would be up until the small hours preparing (or, as he put it, controlling) material for my visit the next day.
He was equally dedicated when in the field. There are tales of him lighting matches to prolong his collecting activities after sunset, and of being so engrossed in his work that he was oblivious to the departure for lunch and subsequent return of his companions. I recall him at the age of 75 climbing over a 3-metre high wire fence enclosing a disused quarry at Swindon in order to find bryozoans during the Durham 1980 IBA post-conference field excursion. Five years later he managed the near miraculous feat of walking several kilometres along an energy-sapping shingle beach to reach a Cenomanian bryozoan locality on the coast of east Devon. During this same fieldtrip he took great delight in the fact that the washbasin in his hotel bedroom had a sieve over the drain that was exactly the right size to retain the fossil bryozoans he had collected during the day while allowing the mud and sand to be washed away. Every morning he would appear for breakfast and spread out onto the table his newly cleaned and sorted haul oblivious to the bemused expressions on the faces of the waitresses and fellow guests.
The word unique is all too often applied these days but there can be no doubting that Professor Voigt warrants this description for his single-minded devotion to our science. His achievements are widely and rightfully acknowledged by his colleagues, collaborators and students, including Heinrich Toots, Gisela Illies and Gero Hillmer who went on to become established bryozoologists. Formal recognition came by way of several honours bestowed upon him. He was a fellow of the Academy of Nature Research, Leopoldina; the Academy of Science, Göttingen; the Royal Danish Academy of Science, Copenhagen; an honorary doctor of the University of Bordeaux; and a recipient of the Joachim Jungius Medal.
During later years he came to realise that he knew far more about Cretaceous bryozoans than he could ever hope to publish during his lifetime, however protracted. This caused him great anxiety, especially when old age and deteriorating eyesight hampered his ability to finish papers. Yet no matter how much knowledge has been lost with his death, Professor Voigt has left us with a massive legacy in his publications and collections, the latter destined for the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt where they will be available for future generations to admire and study.
Ernst, A. & Voigt, E. 2002. Zooidal anatomy in Ordovician and Carboniferous trepostome bryozoans. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 76: 339-345.
Gordon, D.P. & Voigt, E. 1996. The kenozooidal origin of the ascophorine hypostegal coelom and associated frontal shield. Pp. 89-107. In: Gordon, D.P., Smith, A.M. & Grant-Mackie, J.A. (eds) Bryozoans in Space and Time. NIWA, Wellington.
Voigt, E. 1923. Über einige neue und wenigbekannte Bryozoen der Gattung Floridina aus dem Danien von Faxe. Meddeleser fra Dansk geologisk Forening 6(20): 1-9.
Voigt, E. 1930. Morphologische und stratigraphische Untersuchungen über die Bryozoenfauna der oberen Kreide. Leopoldina 6: 379-579, 39 pls.
Voigt, E. 1959. Die ökologische Bedeutung der Hartgründe (Hardgrounds) in der oberen Kreide. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 33: 129-147.
Voigt, E. 1988. Preservation of soft tissues in the Eocene lignite of the Geiseltal near Halle/S. Courier Forschunginstitut Senckenberg 107: 325-343.
Voigt, E. 1977a. Neue Daten uber die submarine Großsgleitung turoner Gesteine im Teutoburger Wald be Halle/Westf. Z. dt. Geol. Ges. 128: 57-79.
Voigt, E. 1977b. On grazing traces produced by the radula of fossil and recent gastropods and chitons. Geological Journal Special Issue 9: 335-346.
Voigt, E. & Gittins, G. 1977. The Lackfilm method for collecting sedimentary peels: archaeological applications. Journal of Field Archaeology 4: 459-457.
Voigt, E. 1979a. The preservation of slightly or non-calcified fossil Bryozoa (Ctenostomata and Cheilostomata) by bioimmuration. Pp. 541-564. In: Larwood, G.P. & Abbott, M.B. (eds) Advances in Bryozoology. Academic Press, London and New York.
Voigt, E. 1979b. Wann haben sich die Feuersteine der Oberen Kreide gebildet? Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen. II. Mathematisch-Physikalische 6: 75-127, 8 pls.
Voigt, E. 1981a. Upper Cretaceous bryozoan-seagrass association in the Maastrichtian of the Netherlands. Pp. 281-298. In: Larwood, G.P. & Nielsen, C. (eds) Recent and Fossil Bryozoa. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
Voigt, E. 1981b. Critical remarks on the discussion concerning the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 10: 92-114.
(a more complete listing of Voigts publications on bryozoans can be found at: http://www.civgeo.rmit.edu.au/bryozoa/library/list/voigt.html)
Paul D. Taylor
Figure caption: Professor Voigt photographed in 1986 during the pre-conference excursion of the Bellingham IBA.
To The Memory of Ehrhard Voigt
I made Ehrard Voigts acquintance during the 1974 IBA Conference, in Lyon, and we have immediately sympathized, perhaps because we already knew each other through our respective works before our first meeting. For me, Ehrhard Voigt was a mythic figure, one of the main prestigious historical personalities in Bryozoology. For him, I was a young colleague finishing his thesis, of which he appreciated the first systematic and morphogenetic papers on the Bryozoa, and he would later encourage my attemps to establish a bryozoological phyletic taxonomy on the ontogeny, the larval structure and the metamorphosis, even if this renewed approach would complicate the systematical works of the paleontologists.
We had an other reason to sympathize : we celebrate our respective birthdays on two consecutive days, and we said often in joke together that even though it was not the same year (with a small difference, only for about forty years ) I was his elder by 24 hours ! When he came to Paris, he did not neglect to visit me in my laboratory in the French Museum of Natural History.
Like many other bryozoologists, I have worked in his private laboratory. He had manage in a room of his Parkallee flat ; I arrived at the Hamburg station a winter evening, the snow reaching the mid-level of the train pane ; ten minutes later, I was amused when he was jumping, 75 years old, on the snow-drifts, considering me sometimes with some reprobation and commiseration, walking laboriously on the glazed frost, 50 m behind, encumbered with two heavy suitcases. Finally, he was displaying endlessly on a sofa, like packs cards, from the morning to the evening, every five minutes, series of about two hundred photographies of Cretaceous Bryozoa.
Each year, this man with an exceptional education and discretely stylish (85 years old, he used daily, each morning, a special cream to keep a nice skin), dispatched every year to a lot of colleagues humorous cards of views, illustrated by peculiarly amusing pictures, often anthropomorphic, of zooids or of shapes of zoaria. In the field his favourite posture was on all fours, to examine directly a specimen on the ground, with a lens in the hand.
He had a tendency, by professional and pavlovian impregnation, to see bryozoans everywhere. For example, in the restaurant for the staff of the Smithsonian Institution (Washington), after the IBA conference at Woods-Hole (1977), he tapped suddenly on my shoulder, saying to me (in French, language he spoke perfectly): Monsieur dHondt : vous avez vu les dessins de la robe de la dame qui passe ? On dirait une colonie de Bryozoaires avec ses zoécies! At the beginning of his scientific carrier, he had met Ferdinand Canu (+ 1932). As joke, when he spoke in French, he deliberately often made some mistakes, designating his son and his daughter as mon fils et ma fisselle (for fille, ficelle meaning string in French).
When he was sixteen years old, a young scientist already recognized in Germany, introduced in the scientific circles by a friend of his parents, the paleontologist Edward Oscar Ulrich, he attended the wedding of Ernst and Evelyne Marcus. In photographs of the ceremony, near them, he had already set up his traditional moustache.
My two main better recent remembrances of Ehrard Voigt are the following. Firstly, at the end of the second field trip after the Paris IBA Conference (1989), our goodbye before the bus in front of the Gare du Nord station. Secondly, the very long round of applause, when he finished his last talk for his last participation to an IBA meeting (Swansea, 1992).
(Photos taken during the field trip of the 1989 IBA Conference in Paris)
From I.Morozova, L. Viskova, R. Gorjunova, V. Lavrentjeva, D. Lisitsyn, O. Weiss:
We all feel sorrow and grieve about decease of Professor Doctor Ehrhard Voigt, world-famed a paleontologist and a bryozoologist. His works on bryozoans will be useful for ever. Ehrhard Voigt will always remain in our memory and many of us would like to be of his disciples. (I.Morozova, L. Viskova, R. Gorjunova, V. Lavrentjeva, D. Lisitsyn, O. Weiss)
From June Ross: In honoring the memory of the late Professor Voigt, I recall his very kind and generous assistance in examining bryozoan collections at his home where he had meticulously organized vast numbers of species and specimens. He was most helpful in understanding the characteristics of many cheilostome species. During my visit to Hamburg, he and his wife were very gracious and hospitable to me.
From Giampietro Braga: I hear this sad news with big sorrow. I knew Ehrhard in Stockholm (1965!) when we founded the IBA association. I have been in his home for a week for seeing his wonderful collection on Bryozoa. Many years ago he came at Padova and in the Euganean hills spa for his rheumatic pains. I have some pictures with him and his wife during a picnic in the grass.
From Judy Winston: It was sad to hear about Prof. Voigt -- I really thought he'd make it to 100. What I remember most vividly about him was the way he could speak to almost everyone at the IBA in his or her own language -- he must have spoken at least five languages -- I was even more impressed by that European linguistic skill than by his beautiful bryozoan pictures!
From Penny Morris: One of my earliest recollections of E. Voigt is his kindness in helping me with my Ph.D. dissertation. After the IBA meeting in Lyon he spent several hours with me, sitting on a park bench in Paris, talking to me about his bryozoan fossil collection and the Hippothoidae. He researched his collections, sent me material and photographed material for me. Both he and John and Dorothy Soule were important mentors for me.
From Asit K. Guha: I had the privilege of receiving excellent collaborative support from Prof. Voigt for my studies on Maastrichtian bryozoans from the Cauvery Basin, South India where Ferdinand Stoliczka described a varied bryozoan assemblage in 1862. In the interaction that I had with the late Professor, I planned a biographic sketch on him. Prof. Voigt sent me material for such work. His quest for studying bryozoans and other branches of Earth Science for over eight decades is unique. His personal communication would elucidate this.
In the year 2000 Prof. Voigt reminisces, During my time as army geologist (2nd World War) in Czechoslovakia I discovered a rich Cenomanian bryozoan fauna at Preboj near Prague (Praha), consisting of very thin and small fragments. Two years later, after my transfer to the Russian front and after the capitulation of the German army (1945), I was interned by Russians as POW (prisoner of war). In order to save the collected bryozoans, I had put the delicate material in a small cellophane bag, which I concealed into the lining of my boots. I closed the slits with sodden bread. Once, after my capture, the Russian guards in the camp took my boots away but I was able to steal them back. It is true that I found in this camp of Morchansk an encrusting Cretaceous ?Membranipora? at a heap of white chalk at a construction site. After my release in 1946, I was able to take the specimens back in Germany.
Prof. J. M. Hancock of Imperial College (London), a good friend of Prof. Voigt, reminisced in 1998 that Voigt collected bryozoan specimens from rock surfaces even when he was temporarily released for attending to natures call from the prison van bringing the POWs from Russia at the end of the 2nd World War. He used to fill the empty rooms of his house in Hamburg with his collection of bryozoans, as and when his sons vacated them.
Photo from Hans Arne Nakrem
The following list of papers was compiled from standard abstracting services as well as
from papers and citations sent by authors directly to the IBA Secretary. In addition to 2004
publications, the list includes references from past years that did not appear in previous IBA
Newsletters. Abstract published in Volume 74 of Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de
Concepción are included only if the full paper does not appear in the conference
proceedings (see page $). Page numbers for these full papers were not available as
BRYOZOA 2004 went to press, and so these papers will be cited in next years
This bibliography is available in Endnote® format at the IBA website,
Members are encouraged to support future compilations by continuing to submit complete
citations to the IBA Secretary at any time. Reprints will be gratefully received by IBA
archivist, Mary Spencer Jones
Aladin, N. V., Miklin F., Plotnikov I.S., Gontar V.I., Smurov A.O. (2004). " Aral 2003" Part 2. The Changing of the biota of the Aral Sea during the second half of XX century and in the beginning XXI century. (In Russian): 85-127.
Aladin N.V., P. I. S., Gontar V.I., Smurov A.O. (2004). The role of alien species in the ecosystem of the Aral Sea. (In Russian). Biological invasion in water and terrestrial ecosystems. Moscow-Saint Petersburg: 275-346.
Aliani, S. and A. Molcard (2003). "Hitch-hiking on floating marine debris: Macrobenthic species in the Western Mediterranean Sea." Hydrobiologia 503: 59-67.
Altobelli, C., Nicoletti, L., Chimenz Gusso C. (2004). "Detritic bottom Bryozoa of Latium (Tyrrhenian Sea)." Biol. Mar. Medit. 11(2): 408-411.
Anstey, R. L. and J. F. Pachut (2004). "Cladistic and phenetic recognition of species in the Ordovician bryozoan genus Peronopora." Journal of Paleontology 78(4): 651-674.
Aretz, M. and H.-G. Herbig (2003). "Coral-rich bioconstructions in the Visean (Late Mississippian) of Southern Wales (Gower Peninsula, UK)." Facies 49: 221-242.
Ax, P. (2003). Order in nature: System made by man.
Bader, B. and P. Schäfer (2003). "The Antarctic bryozoan Melicerita obliqua: Skeletal morphogenesis and growth check lines." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 37.
Bader, B. and P. Schäfer (2004). "Skeletal morphogenesis and growth check lines in the Antarctic bryozoan Melicerita obliqua." Journal of Natural History 38(22): 2901-2922.
Barnes, D. K. A. and K. P. P. Fraser (2003). "Rafting by five phyla on man-made flotsam in the Southern Ocean." Marine Ecology Progress Series 262: 289-291.
Barnes, D. K. A. and P. Kuklinski (2003). "High polar spatial competition: Extreme hierarchies at extreme latitude." Marine Ecology Progress Series 259: 17-28.
Barnes, D. K. A. and S. Brockington (2003). "Zoobenthic biodiversity, biomass and abundance at Adelaide Island, Antarctica." Marine Ecology Progress Series 249: 145-155.
Barnes, D. K. and Lauer, T. E. (2003). "Distribution of freshwater sponges and bryozoans in northwest Indiana." Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 112(1): 29-35.
Barnes, D. K. A. and P. Kuklinski (2004). "Scale-dependent variation in competitive ability among encrusting arctic species." Marine Ecology Progress Series 275: 21-32.
Beach, K., L. Walters, et al. (2003). "The impact of Dictyota spp. on Halimeda populations of Conch Reef, Florida Keys." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 297(2): 141-159.
Bell, J. J., D. K. A. Barnes, C. Shaw, A. Heally, and A. Farrell. (2003). "Seasonal 'fall out' of sessile macro-fauna from submarine cliffs: Quantification, causes and implications." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83(6): 1199-1208.
Berning, B., P. Moissette, et al. (2003). "Late Neogene bryogeography of southern Spain." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 41.
Bertrand, J.-F. and R. M. Woollacott (2003). "G protein-linked receptors and induction of metamorphosis in Bugula stolonifera (Bryozoa)." Invertebrate Biology 122(4): 380-385.
Bigey, F. P. (2003). "Upper Devonian to Lower Carboniferous Bryozoa in Central Hunan (S. China)." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 42.
Bock, P. E., and Cook, P.L. (2004). "Dimorphic brooding zooids in the genus Adeona Lamouroux from Australia." Memoirs of Museum Victoria 61: 129-133.
Bock, P. E., and Cook, P.L. (2004). "A review of Australian Conescharellinidae (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata)." Memoirs of Museum Victoria 61: 135-182.
Bone, Y. and Schmidt, R. (2003). "Basal attachment structure of Nudicella cribriforma Schmidt & Bone in the Miocene of Tasmania, Australia, and its similarity to Modern Adeona spp. from southern Australia." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 43.
Borisenko, Y. A. (2003). Two-mineral composition of bryozoan colonies and its significance for filogeny [Dvumineral'nost' koloniy sovremennykh morskikh mshanok i eye filogeneticheskoye znacheniye]. Bryozoa of the globe; vol. 2 [Mshanki Zemnogo shara. T. 2]. V. P. Udodov, Izdatel'stvo Kuzbasskoy Gosudarstvennoy Pedagogicheskoy Akademii, Novokuznetsk, Russian Federation: 35-40.
Bosellini, F., F. Panini, et al. (2003). "Cobbles and boulders of reefal origin in the basal conglomerates of the Colombacci Formation (Messinian, lower Secchia valley, northern Apennines)." Atti Ticinensi di Scienze della Terra 44: 45-55.
Braga, G. (2003). "Salvador Reguant, bryozoologist." Geologica Acta 1(2): 169-171.
Brown, K. M., K. P. P. Fraser, D. K. A. Barnes, and L. S. Peck (2004). "Links between the structure of an Antarctic shallow-water community and ice-scour frequency." Oecologia (Berlin) 141(1): 121-129.
Bruno, J., L. Petes, and A. Hettinger (2003). "Nutrient enrichment can increase the severity of Caribbean coral diseases." Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 50.
Burgess, R. M., M. C. Pelletier, et al. (2003). "Removal of ammonia toxicity in marine sediment TIEs: A comparison of Ulva lactuca, zeolite and aeration methods." Marine Pollution Bulletin 46(5): 607-618.
Campbell, E. M. and Y. Bone (2003). "Cyclostome bryozoans collected during historical Antarctic expeditions are now providing geochemically-determined oceanographic temperature data." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 44.
Cancino, J. M. and. M. C. Orellana. (2003). "Survival to total overgrowth in encrusting bryozoans." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 46.
Cancino, J. M., H. I. Moyano, et al. (2003). "Ecological observations on shallow water marine bryozoans in King George Island, Antarctica." Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción 74: 45.
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GIGANTAETEA, n. gn.
Diagnosis : Zoecial morphology typical of the Aetea s ones. Encrusting part early circular, finishing in a thin very elongated string-like portion (1,5 m). Non-chitinous but metallic ectocyst. Erect tubular snike-like portion very long (about 0 cm). Luminescent area. Type-species : G. luminescens, n. sp.
G. LUMINESCENS, n. sp.
Diagnosis : The genus seems to be monospecific. So the diagnosis of the type-species must be now merged into the generic diagnosis.
Description : Zoarium constituted by erect uniserial zoecia (very generally a single zooid), including 4 parts :
1) A distal end, with paralled sides, about four-five times longer than wide, occupied for it main portion by a transparent area, round distally, right proximally, about 10 cm long. The area may by stimulation produce in some circumstances, during 2 years or 5000 hours, a light of 150 W. This distal part is inclinable (90°) under the influence of environmental factors.
2) A stalk, about 20 cm hight, cylindrical (2-3 cm in diameter), tubular, isodiametric, and annulated on the upper 3/4 of its length (as Aetea anguina ).
3) The encrusting part is almost circular, 10 cm in diameter, a little bulging on the disk, bearing the stalk in its middle part.
4) Proximally, the encrusting part is prolonged by a creeping long and filiform anastomosis, 1,5 meter long, generally connected to a pore-plate chamber fixed to a vertical wall substratum.
Coenozoecia, typical ovicells, avicularia and vibracula are lacking. Cystidial wall compact, hard, rigid, without chitinous cuticular layer, but with a metallic ectocyst covered by a thin black cuticle. Sexual and asexual reproductions (Hibernacles ? Larvae ? Metamorphosis ? Ovisacs ?) are unknown.
Ecology : Epibiont on various plane and inert substrata (Marble, wood). Superficial, but generally not intertidal and only very exceptionaly immersed, rare and solitary, often alone in its biocoenosis.
Discussion : The long proximal portion, string-like in shape, as an electric cordon, suggests affinities ofthis species with the Arachnidiidae ; but the presence of a wall between this part and the circular encrusting portion excludes this hypothesis ; by other way, this string-like is creeping in G. luminescens, but encrusting in the Arachnidiidae. This genus, typical of the family Aeteidae (cf. the French fauna of Prenant and Bobin, and the Haywards British Fauna) is characterized by the chemical nature of the ectocyst, a non-chitinous but metallic zoecial wall, unusual for the Bryozoa (I.e. the works of our late colleague C. Jeuniaux), the zoecial partition in 4 parts (not typical feature in the Bryozoa, I.e. the works of J. Ryland and Bassler, 1953), the discoid shape of the encrusting portion (I.E. some observations of Harmer) and the unfrequent autozoecial size (cf. Marcus, Mosdyr). The frequence of isolated autozoecia suggests affinities with the Monobryozoon species, but the size of the zooids and chemical composition of the ectocyst exclude this hypothesis.
The capacity to produce some luminescence, and during a long time, is exceptional in the Bryozoa, and constitutes an other main characteristic of this taxon. The polypidial and larval anatomy and morphology remain unknown. Very probably, the inccubation and the embryonic development occur into an ovisac (i.e. Cooks observations). The the cuticle is black, like the upper membrane of some Watersiporidae species, but in the Inovicellatida, contrarily to the Watersipora , both taxa without ovicells and avicularia, ascus and ascoporus are lacking.
It may seem early, but Steve Hageman is already preparing for the 14th IBA Conference, to be held at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina, USA during 1-7 July 2007. Details are now available on the official website: www.iba.appstate.edu. Here is information provided by Steve about the post-conference field trip, 7-15 July, 2007:
The goal of this trip is to visit classic Paleozoic bryozoan collecting localities from the mid-continent of North America. Many of these are type localities for Ulrich, Bassler, Moore, Perry, Anstey, and Snyder. The trip will also spend a full day visiting the lab of Tim Wood at Wright State University to study local phylactolaemates. Efforts will be made throughout the trip to accommodate both Paleozoic fossil and modern phylactolaemate collecting. The trip will also visit several important cultural sites and we will partake of local cuisine. Participants should note that the trip will be during the heat of the summer (95°F, 35°C plus 60% humidity), travel will be in (air conditioned) university vans, and we will stay at inexpensive but comfortable accommodations. Everyone is welcome and we plan an enjoyable, entertaining and stimulating excursion. However, it should be emphasized that this trip is not designed with the comfort of tourists in mind. The cost is expected to be less than $800 US; the number of participants is limited to 18.
Day 1 - stay Duffield, Virginia (Saturday, July 7)
Day 2 - stay Cincinnati, Ohio (Sunday, July 8)
Day 3 - stay Dayton, Ohio (Monday, July 9)
Day 4 - stay Dayton, Ohio (Tuesday, July 10)
Day 5 - stay New Harmony, Indiana (Wednesday, July 11)
Day 6 - stay Chester, IL (Thursday, July 12)
Day 7 - stay Quincy, IL (Friday, July 13)
Day 8 - stay St. Louis, MO (Saturday, July 14)
Day 9 - Depart St. Louis, MO (Sunday, July 15)
*Start and end dates are fixed, details of final itinerary may vary.
Middle Ordovician through Mississippian
Bring your buckets.
The Carter Fold (Mountain Music)
Wright Brothers Museum in Dayton Ohio
Falls of the Ohio
Historical New Harmony Utopian Society
Cahokia Mounds (Native American site)
Mississippi River Boat, Mark Twain historic sites