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news 2001 cover

International Bryozoology Association
PRESIDENT Dennis Gordon
PRESIDENT ELECT (to be elected)
SECRETARY Timothy Wood
TREASURER Abigail Smith
COUNCIL MEMBERS 1998-2004 Amalia Herrera
Pierre Moissette
Andrew Ostrovsky
John Todd
Judith Winston
Emmy Wöss
COUNCIL MEMBERS 2001-2007 Matthew Dick
Eckart Håkansson
Hugo Moyano
Hans Arne Nakrem
Antonietta Rosso
Rolf Schmidt

All correspondence should be addressed to:
International Bryozoology Association
c/o Dr Timothy Wood
Department of Biological Sciences
Wright State University
3640 Colonel Glenn Highway
Dayton, OH 45435, USA
email: x_tim.wood@wright.edu

buttonIBA MEETING MINUTES (Courtesy of Mary Spencer Jones)

Council meeting, Sunday, July 15, 2001.
1. Five non-council members were chosen to adjudicate for the Young Investigator Award. These were Dennis Gordon (chair), Kamil Zagorsek, Priska Schafer, Pat Cook, Kevin Tilbrook.
2. It is proposed that the conference volume be dedicated to Richard Boardman.
3. Nominations were called for the 2007 Conference.
4. Marketing of the conference volume was discussed (see debate elsewhere in this issue).

Open business meeting, Friday, July 20, 2001.
1. Treasurer’s Report. Mary Spencer Jones recommended no change in subscription fees.
2. Constitution: IBA President Ken McKinney outlined proposed changes to the consitution, including the recommendation that the Secretary/Treasurer be divided among two people.
3. Conference volume: the discussion continued regarding identity, printing, and distribution.
4. Upcoming conferences: The next meeting will be held in Chile, January 12-16, 2004. Proposal presentations were made for the 2007 meeting. Priska Schafer offered Kiel, Kamil Zahorsek offered Prague, Steve Hageman offered Boone, North Carolina. The North Carolina site received the most votes. Dates will be July 2-6, 2007. Volume editors will be Steve Hageman, Judy Winston, and Marcus Key.
5. New officers were elected: Dennis Gordon, President; Abby Smith, Treasurer; Tim Wood, Secretary.
6. New Council members were elected: Matthew Dick, Eckart Håkansson, Antonietta Rosso, Hugo Moyano, Rolf Schmidt, Hans Arne Nakrem.



At the Dublin conference some revisions to the IBA Constitution was proposed and approved. Among the changes was a provision to name a President-Elect of the Association as a means to provide for greater continuity. However, since a President Elect was not chosen in Dublin, it is proposed by former IBA president Ken McKinney and current president Dennis Gordon that such a person be nominated and voted on as soon as possible.

Enclosed with this newsletter you should receive a form for nominating one or more candidates to this office. Please complete the form and mail it to the IBA Secretary, Tim Wood. Or, to save time and postage, you may email your nomination(s) to tim.wood@wright.edu. Deadline for nominations will be September 1, 2002. The five top nominations will be cleared with the nominees, and a final vote will be taken through a special mailing. A ballot should be enclosed with this newsletter.



At the IBA Council meeting in Dublin July 15 the issue was raised about how best to publish and distribute conference proceedings. Should we continue with disparate bound volumes, or should there be a recognizable series? Do we like the Balkema model in which the publisher provides inexpensive volumes and handles all the marketing and distribution? Or is it too much trouble for authors to adapt manuscripts to Balkema’s strict template? Here are several views:

Claus Nielsen: At the meeting in Dublin we discussed future proceedings volumes, and I mentioned the advantage of getting the proceedings printed as a volume in a journal. A remark in the opinion column in "Nature" (vol. 413, p. 1; September 2001) inspires me to comment on the topic once more. The remark is: "... nor will much of the grey literature, such as conference proceedings ...". If our conference proceedings in the future will be considered "grey literature" nobody should be encouraged to publish in them; especially young bryozoologists who need to document their qualifications by getting their papers into prestigious journals will not be able to "afford" publishing good papers in our volumes. I see several other societies, of zoologists working on poriferans, rotifers, polychaetes, rotifers etc, publishing their volumes in journals such as Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Zoologischer Anzeiger, Hydrobiologia. We ought to do the same whenever possible. If we could get an agreement with a journal about publishing the volume from a number of conferences it would become the place to look for "our" papers, and if it is a good journal it could again become advantageous to get papers printed in the proceedings, and it would also make the papers more accessible because libraries are more willing to buy journals than proceedings volumes.I hope that future conference hosts will make an effort to make the proceedings volumes easily accessible by getting them into a journal.

Rolf Schmidt: “I agree whole heartedly that we should not add to the mountain of 'grey literature'. It is very important to achieve a consistency so that libraries acquire a continuous series. This is most likely to happen through a journal.

But in recent years most of the scientific publishing houses seem to have lost the plot. I was not impressed by Balkema forcing us to format our articles to perfection (it was bad enough if you had lots of time and knew what you were doing) and now Balkema probably has the copyright for how it appears in the volume. I've also seen a major decline in the quality of image reproduction in Elsevier publications such as Geobios. I am quite fed up with their attitude that they are doing scientists a favour by publishing our articles, when it is the scientist who has done ALL the work and often even had to fork out money for the publication, only to surrender the copyright. I also agree with the possibility that interesting and important 'notes' will not be published if we have to conform to the (sometimes arbitrary) standards of a journal. If the problem is that our current format doesn't count any of the citation indexes, I can't see a problem with submitting two versions, one to the conference and one to a journal (one of my lecturers has been publishing the same article for the last 10 years with minor revisions and gets away with it).

To summarise my tirade: I would prefer to stay away from the journal format but turn it into a consistent series. If we can show the promise of regular future publications, maybe we can even do a deal with a publisher.”

Matt Dick: Claus raised a very good point. While I agree with him in some respects, a couple of things need to be considered (forgive an apparent cynicism which might also be termed 'reality'):
a) It may indeed be the case that bryozoologists (especially young ones establishing careers) cannot afford publishing good papers as 'gray literature.' I didn't submit to the Dublin proceedings this last year partly for this reason and partly because of length restrictions. However, I also have the impression that previous IBA volumes have in some cases included short studies that might not be acceptable to a full-blown journal. Furthermore, I have heard comments in the past about the "low" or "marginal" quality of some of the papers appearing in IBA volumes. If the proceedings are to be published in a [prestigious] journal, would this raise the standard of review and prohibit publication of what amount to notes or marginal papers which are, nonetheless, very useful to the community of bryozoologists?
b) The problem is not restricted to the so-called "gray literature." Web-based article indices reference only a rather small subset of the burgeoning number of journals, and I believe that even some of the journals mentioned by Claus are not referenced by commonly used article indices in the U.S. such as Web of Science and Biosis. So, in fact, even so-called prestigious journals may effectively function as gray literature as far as computer searching access is concerned.
c) Playing the devil's advocate, I suggest that (aside from rather cumbersome citations) the existing publication format serves us well. The destination of papers is self-selecting. That is, those investigators for whom publication in 'prestigious' journals is essential to career development will submit to those journals. The sme goes for quality papers which an established investigator may want to publish in a proceedings volume, but which are too long for the length restrictions in the IBA volumes. In neither case is the published information lost or inaccessible to bryozoologists! The proceedings volumes may in fact be a good outlet for short papers which would be marginal for publication in journals for a variety of reasons, and may in fact aid young investigators by helping them augment their "publication count" by serving as an outlet for these papers.

Hugo Moyano: The conference results volumes should continue to exist in my opinion. This is based on the rich and important information contained in them. That information is on Bryozoa and primarily for bryozoologists, therefore the proceeding are very valuable per se. I do not think they should change their present status. And if an IBA member qualifies his paper as extraordinary or so relevant to remain concealed in the Proceedings, he is free to send his manuscript elsewhere. On the other hand, the quality of papers is the result of peer review based on the bryozoologists themselves as revisors, what ensures quality at least in the bryozoan contents of each paper. In addition, bryozoologists actually publish most of their papers in other scientific journals being permanently subjected to revision by editorial committees and referees improving their papers, what allows to think that they will present good papers to be included in the Proceedings. If the motion of publishing under the shelter of a "main stream" journal a good solution could be what is exemplified by "Magellan_Antarctic ecosystens that drifted apart" published as a supplemental issue of vol 63 of Scientia Marina. In it are the results of an international workshop and editorial policies had to do more with form than with contents.

Jon Todd: Bryozoans are very much a minority interest and we need to sell them as fabulous organisms for study. I think no matter how well we package conference volumes they will continue to be seen almost solely by bryozoologists. For this reason, if only this reason, I suggest that we should try to get a volume produced as a special volume of a widely read, distinguished and of course, appropriate journal and then review the situation as concerns citations etc.

Eckart Håkansson: I agree that we should try to maintain the proceedings volumes as separate entities also for future conferences - but as I recall it, the suggestion in Dublin was to do just that within the frame of a formal journal (and I also have some recollection that a number of likely candidates were mentioned). I would hate to see all the sexy bryozoan stuff get lost in an ever increasing cloud of grey literature, so I strongly urge that we ask somebody - say Claus Nielsen - to investigate this matter further.

Ken McKinney: I find myself looking at the proceedings volumes rather conservatively. When Jeremy and I were working on BRYOZOAN EVOLUTION, we found that they were a goldmine of information for several questions that we wanted to address. Many of the papers that were useful to us may very well have been rejected from a journal interested in their citation index. Yet, much basic data would either never have been published or would be much less accessible and difficult to find had it not been available in the proceedings volumes. Granted, almost all contributions eventually are accepted into the volumes, but the editor of each of them still has the power to reject any paper that falls below a certain standard. When the proceedings volumes were initiated, they contained brief reports of 'work in progress', with the understanding that more comprehensive papers would cover the same ground later. The volumes soon evolved to include more than works in progress, including papers in which new taxa are named as well as final products of a wide variety of non-taxonomic research.

If tying the proceedings volumes to a journal means that criteria of topic (would the journal not want alpha taxonomy? maybe no molecular-based phylogenies if it is basically an ecology journal), polish, or 'importance' are applied, then the study of bryozoans loses out in general, I think.

We each, whether a graduate student or a superfluous old geezer, have the option of NOT submitting a manuscript for the volume and sending it to a mainstream or sidestream journal if we want.

Perhaps the IBA would gain in prestige if its proceedings were to be published in a fairly prominent journal. But at the same time we would be precluding publication of a package of papers that vary wildly (yes, wildly, not widely) in their 'quality' and current importance but that contribute to an expanded base of information that may ultimately be used for much more than seen at the time of publication.

Additional contributions to this discussion may be sent to IBA President Dennis Gordon.



Bill Banta is now retired and no longer active in bryozoan research. However, he still has an extensive collection of bryozoan books and reprints which occupies several bookshelves and file cabinets. There are also cheilostome and stenolaemate specimens, mostly slide-mounted, including some types. Bill would like to donate the entire collection to a young person with a good research record in cheilostome anatomy. He would request only that the collection not be broken up or sold, but that it be combined with the recipient's collection and given away as a unit when the recipient retires or leaves the field. To nominate yourself or someone else for the gift, please contact Bill at x_wcbanta@comcast.net or Tel. 301-718-4217 (USA).

Krister Brood left his position with the Swedish National Museum several years ago, according to Sten Schager. His wife can be reached via the Stockholm University Library, Geology Division (www.su.se, staff Margareta Brood). She indicates that Krister is in poor health and will probably be inactive.

Simone Pouyet has retired from the Department of Earth sciences, University Claude-Bernard in Lyon. She is no longer working on bryozoans.

Sten Schager has a new address (see address list).

Rolf Schmidt. “I'm working with David Holloway (Trilobite guy). At the moment I'm coming to terms (or to blows as the case may be) with the collection database (horrible texpress kinda thing). I'll also be responsible for relocationg the collections (lots of it type) from the humidity affected area (often over 80% moisture - even the metal shelves are growing mould), and other things like managing loans etcetcetc. They're a nice bunch here, and the position is ongoing, so who knows, I may still be here in 20 years!”

Reggie Scolaro left BP Exploration in May 1991, taking a position as an Geological Specialist with Saudi Aramco. He worked in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia for 8 1/2 years, returning to the US in November, 1999. He was assigned projects during the early part of his tenure in Saudi Arabia on the geology of the Red Sea region and during the latter part a variety of training projects. He is now an independent consultant, currently working for BP in Houston, Texas.

Ines Wegener informs us that she has moved to a new profession and is no longer working on bryozoans.


buttonIn Memorium:
October 11, 1920 - June 30, 2001.

John D. Soule, Ph.D., died June 30, 2001, after a lengthy battle with Parkinson’s Disease. He was affiliated with the University of Southern California (USC)0020School of Dentistry from 1950 to 1991, when he became Emeritus Professor but remained active in research until shortly before his death. He served as Instructor, Assistant Professor, and Associate Professor of Histology-Pathology from 1950 to 1960, and as Professor of Histology from 1960 to 1991. He chaired the Department of Histology from 1963 to 1977, and also served several terms as Chairman of Basic Sciences and a term as Assistant Dean for Admissions.

Dr. Soule held joint appointments as Professor of Biological Sciences at USC and Curator of the Allan hancock Foundation from 1960 to 1991. He was also a long-time Research Associate of the American Museum of Natural History in New York, of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, and of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

Dr. Soule’s fields or research included the evolution of dentition in lower vertebrates, the development of histological stains (Soule’s Gold Chloride Stain), bioadhesives secreted by encrusting marine invertebrates, and the systematics and ecology of marine bryozoans. In his research on bryozoans and on environmental impacts, Dr. Soule teamed with his wife, Dr. Dorothy Soule, USC Research Professor of Marine Biology. Their studies took them to many tropical Pacficic islands as well as to Britain and Europe. Together they established an environmental impact research program, Harbors Environmental Projects, at USC, which performed biological, chemical, and oceanographic studies of local harbors and marinas. The Project also studied impacts of oil spills, oil dispersant use, dredging, and disposal of domestic and industrial wastes, addressing these issues on both Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the Caribbean and American Samoa. Dr. Soule was author or co-author of more than 100 publications.

In additional to his long-time membership in the International Bryozoology Association, Dr. Soule was also active in the International Association of Dental Research, American Society for Dental Schools, American Microscopical Society, American Institute of Biological Sciences, Pacific Science Association, Delta Phy Alpha, Omicron Kappa Epsilon (OKE), Sigma and Sigma Xi. He was a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, California Academy of Sciences and Southern California Academy of Sciences (SCAS). He served as board member and president of the International Bryozoology Association, president of the USC chapters of OKU, and Sigma Xi, and numerous terms on the board of SCAS.

Born in East Moline, Illinois, Dr. Soule graduate from Western Military School in Alton, Illinois, in 1938, and received a B.A. from Miami University (Oxford, Ohio) in 1942. Dorothy Soule writes, “We met when John was a senior at Miami and I a freshman, as he was my zoology lab assistant. We got engaged when he graduated and were married the following year when he was attending a medical field service school at an Army Hospital in Denver. I returned to Miami when he was shipped to the Philippines.” John Soule served four years as a medical field and laboratory officer in Manila and at Kure-Hiroshima, Japan. He received his M.A. in 1948 and his Ph.D. in 1952 from USC and held a post-doctoral fellowship at California Institute of Technology under Dr. George Beadle in 1956-1958.

John and Dorothy were married 58 years. Says Dorothy, “We had a good run!”



At the Dublin Conference, Africa Gómez was named first recipient of the IBA New Investigator Presentation Award. Dr. Gómez has a post-doctoral position at the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Hull in the UK. Her paper, entitled AContribution of sibling speciation to marine biodiversity: preliminary results of Celleporella worldwide genetic differenciation using nuclear and mitochondrial genetic markers,@ was co-authored with David Lunt, Gary Carvalho, and Roger Hughes.

The New Investigator Presentation Award was established during the 1998 Panama conference to honor the memory of IBA founding member, Gilbert Larwood. It is presented to a student, or someone holding a postdoctoral position, who is a first-time presentor of a talk or poster at the conference. Five non-Council members of IBA constitute the selection committee.

To many members the name, IBA New Investigator Presentation Award, sounds awkward. A alternative might be the Larwood Award for New Investigator Presentations, or simply the Larwood Award. The Advisory Council is expected to consider this and other suggestions when they meet at the 2004 conference. Meanwhile, Dennis Gordon welcomes comments from IBA members on this issue.



The Thirteenth Conference of the International Bryozoology Association will be held in Concepción, Chile January 12-16, 2004. Hosting institutions are Universidad de Concepción and Universidad Catolica De La Santisima Concepción. Themes will include:
A. Systematics, Zoogeography and Evolution
B. Molecular Biology
C. Ecology
D. Gondwanian Bryozoa: past and Present
E. General Paleontology
F. General Bryozoology

MID-CONFERENCE EXCURSION will be to the Araucarian forest of the NAHUELBUTA National Park. We will be taken to a superb excursion to observe, photograph and walk along a 4 km long trail in middle of giant Araucaria and Nothofagus trees reaching 40-50 m high. This forest is located 200 km south of Concepción at 1000-1500 m over sea level in the Chilean coastal range. At the end of this walking we will have a "Chilean Parrillada," that is, an open field barbecue, and of course good Chilean wine.

The conference will start with and short academical act followed by a welcome cocktail
Accompanying members and visits will be able to visit interesting places around Concepción and a mountain resort on the slopes of Chillean Volcanic complex. The official dinner will take place at night near Concepción on the fourth or fifth day of the Conference.

Two possible trips will be offered: (Not less than US$1500 each)
a) Preconference trip to the northern Chilean deserts: 5-11 January 2004. Northern deserts are located 1500 km north of Concepción: photography, collecting fossils, visiting national parks, and astronomical observatories.
b) Postconference trip to the iced far south : 18-24 January 2004. Southern mountains, lakes and inner seas (more than 1500 km south of Concepción): photography, collecting fossils, collecting recent Magellanic bryozoans and, visiting Torres del Paine national park.



The IBA Secretary has been made aware of an initiative to establish an International Biogeography Society - an international and interdisciplinary society contributing to the advancement of all studies of the geography of nature.

Given its inter-disciplinary and integrative nature, biogeography is now broadly recognized as a unifying field that provides a holistic understanding of the relationships between the earth and its biota. A group of biogeographers from around the world met in September 2000 and again in 2001 with the goal of establishing the International Biogeography Society –
The Society’s draft mission statement identifies the following objectives:

• Foster the development and application of biogeographical principles to studying
and conserving the world’s biota.
• Foster communication and collaboration across the various sub-fields and
traditions of biogeography.
• Promote the training and education of biogeographers.
• Increase the awareness and interest of the scientific community and the lay public in the
nature and value of the discipline.

An inaugural meeting of IBS is planned for January 4-8, 2003 (sessions from 5-7 January) at Mesquite, Nevada (easily accessible from Las Vegas. Planners anticipate a series of plenary sessions spanning five major themes across the spectrum of biogeography, plus contributed presentations from charter members. Additional information about the association and the inaugural meeting is available by email from biogeography@hotmail.com.



Rolf Schmidt has been collaborating with Phil Bock to produce a searchable web-based taxonomic database. He writes, “We will need to work out a way to make it as accurate and up to date as possible. We might need to find people who have extensive knowledge in various groups, and delegate some of the information gathering. This way all are covered, rather than mostly recent and Tertiary Cheilostomes as is the case now. We could send around a template of information categories that we would like to include for each taxon. Members can then comment and add to it. It would be best if the database was set up correctly right from the start to save on later hassles. Sounds like we can get a good basis from Species 2000. This may be ambitious, but in addition we would like to put up a complete bryozoan bibliographic database. And also extend what Phil has started with putting plates of crucial publications on the web, by including the text.”



The Dept of Palaeontology at The Natural History Museum, London is undergoing a phased, temporary closure of the NHM Palaeontology Building from 2002 to 2004 while the a major refurbishment project is carried out Though no timetable has been formally approved yet, we expect that from 1 January 2002 substantial parts of the collection and other facilities will become unavailable for periods of approximately 6 months at a time.

This rolling program is expected to have the following effects.

No guaranteed access to all parts of our collections for the duration of the project. No guaranteed access to the Earth Sciences serials, rare books, geological maps, Anthropology Library, and the specialist libraries located within the Department of Palaeontology. Access/use of Dept. of Palaeontology facilities will be impaired. Specimen loans from parts of the collections will be suspended for periods of time (please enquire as to specimen availability before you plan your visit). Enquiry services will be disrupted/limited. Department staff will also be temporarily relocated during this interval and communication will likely be impaired.



Periphyton of Continental Waters: the Present State of Knowledge and Prospectives of Further Research

1. General Problems of Periphytology of Continental Waters
Major concepts in periphytology. Methods of research. The role of periphyton in aquatic ecosystems. Biological diversity of periphytic organisms. Poorly-known taxa of periphyton.
2. Spacial Distribution Aspects in the Periphyton Research
Peculiarities of the composition and community structure of periphyton in various climatic zones. Interactions in the system “periphyton – substrate”. Invasive species problems.
3. Temporal Aspects of Periphyton Communities
Successive processes and seasonal changes in the periphyton communities. Regularities of the dynamics of the structure and functional characteristics of the communities. Multiannual community dynamics.
4. Periphyton Communities Functioning
Productive-destructive processes. Biotic interactions. Trophic relationships. Destruction, filter activity of the periphyton organisms.
5. Periphyton in Sanitary and Technical Hydrobiology
Periphyton and hydrotechnic constructions. Influence of pollutants on organisms and communities of periphyton. Application of periphyton in bioindication, biomonitoring, and biomelioration.

Symposium Site: Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
Dates: February 4-6, 2003
Official Symposium Languages: Russian, English
Registration Forms are due May 5th, 2002
Deadline for Abstracts in English or Russian : September 30, 2002
Abstract forms can be sent to the following postal address:
Dr.Andrei V. Tolstikov,
Faculty of Biology,
Tyumen State University,
Tyumen, Russia 625003

or electronically to x_pers@utmn.ru


(Subliminal Advertising for Bryozoans)

It’s not even 15 minutes of fame, but here we are, briefly front-and-center in a widely read thriller:

“‘Any one of a hundred organisms that live in a drop of water can be cultivated, harvested, and rendered into medicines. Jellyfish, an invertebrate animal called a bryozoan, certain sponges, and several corals are curently being developed into anticancer medicines, anti-inflammatory agents for arthritis pain, and drugs that suppress organ rejection after transplant surgery.’ ” ….

“ ‘Just where in the ocean are you looking for these wonderful drugs?’ ” asked Shannon.

[Want the answer? You’ll have to read the book.]
-- Clive Cussler, INCA GOLD

(Forwarded to the IBA Newsletter by Ken McKinney)



The Bulletin of the Natural History Museum is to have its last issue at the end of November this year. It will be replaced by a new Life Science Systematics journal, which will be called Systema. The new journal, to be published by Cambridge University Press, will maintain the output of present Zoology, Entomology and Botany Bulletins but will not be a 'revamped' Bulletin. A high-profile journal with an international Editorial Board, it will also include invited review papers and conceptual research papers in areas of special systematic significance, e.g. in phylogenetics, speciation and biogeography. There will be 4 issues per year with a total page output of 500-600 pages per year. It is expected that Systema will make a significant contribution to the systematic literature and will rapidly become a highly desirable journal for the publication of papers by the international systematic community.

Submission of manuscripts for Systema are welcome from now onwards.

Dr Barry Clarke,
Department of Zoology,
The Natural History Museum,
Cromwell Road,
London SW7 5BD,

Tel: +44 (0)207 942 5690
Fax: +44 (0)207 942 5433
E-mail: x_btc@nhm.ac.uk



Thanks to the many people who supplied material for this issue of the IBA Newsletter, especially Bill Banta, Matt Dick, Dennis Gordon, Eckart Håkansson, Mary Spencer Jones, Ken McKinney, Hugo Moyano, Claus Nielsen, Rolf Schmidt, Dorothy Soule, and John Todd.



One of the more important parts of the annual IBA Newsletter is the listing of recently published papers on bryozoans or that mention bryozoans. The Newsletter editor can compile listings from current biological and paleontological bibliographic sources, but none of these sources is complete. In fact, some of the omissions are amazing. PLEASE send reprints or reference lists of your publications to the editor to be sure that they will be included in the listing, and any time you encounter a publication that mentions bryozoans and that you think the editor should know about, please send an email note about it to the editor. It takes all of us to make the bibliography as complete as possible.

Abgrall, M.-J.; A Walters, L. J. 2000. Settlement preferences and recruitment of the bryozoan Bugula neritina on drift macroalgae in Mosquito Lagoon, Florida. American Zoologist, Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, 40(6): 925.

Arroyo N. L.; Benito J. 2000. New observations on Loxosomella tonsoria, with notes on distribution and host specificity of the genus. Journal of the Marine Biology Association of the United Kingdom. 80 (3): 561-562.

Bader B. 2001. Modern bryomol-sediments in a cool-water, high-energy setting: the inner shelf off Northern Brittany. Facies 44: 81-103.

Bak, Krzysztof; Rubinkiewicz, Jacek; Garecka, Malgorzata; Machaniec, Elzbieta; Dziubinska, Beata. 2001. Exotics-bearing layer in the oligocene flysch of the Krosno Beds in the Fore-Dukla Zone (Silesian Nappe, Outer Carpathians), Poland. Geologica Carpathica 52(3): 159-171.

Barnes, David K. A. 2000. Diversity, recruitment and competition on island shores at south-polar localities compared with lower latitudes: Encrusting community examples. Hydrobiologia, 440: 37-44.

Barnes, D. K. A.; De Grave, S. 2000. Biogeography of southern polar bryozoans. Vie et Milieu, 50(4): 261-273.

Barnes, David K. A.; Arnold, Rodney. 2001. A growth cline in encrusting benthos along a latitudinal gradient within Antarctic waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 210: 85-91.

Barnes, David K. A.; De Grave, Sammy. 2001. Ecological biogeography of southern polar encrusting faunas. Journal of Biogeography, 28(3): 359-365.

Bartolomaeus T. 2001. Ultrastructure and formation of the body cavity lining in Phoronis muelleri (Phoronida, Lophophorata). Zoomorphology 120 (3): 135-148.

Bartolomaeus, T.; Grobe, P. 2001. Towards a phylogenetic system of the Bryozoa. Zoology (Jena), 93rd Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft, 103(supplement 3): 99.

Bavestrello G, Puce S, Cerrano C, et al. 2000. Life history of Perarella schneideri (Hydrozoa, Cytaeididae) in the Ligurian Sea. SCI MAR 64: 141-146 Suppl. 1 DEC 2000

Benedetti-Cecchi, L.; Rindi, F.; Bertocci, I.; Bulleri, F.; Cinelli, F. 2001. Spatial variation in development of epibenthic assemblages in a coastal lagoon. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 52(5): 659-668.

Benton, Michael J.; Pearson, Paul N. 2001. Speciation in the fossil record. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16(7): 405-411.

Boardman, Richard S. 2001. The growth and function of skeletal diaphragms in the colony life of lower Paleozoic trepostomata (Bryozoa). Journal of Paleontology, 75(2): 225-240.

Bock, P. E.; Cook, P. L. 2001. Revision of the multiphased genus Corbulipora MacGillivray (Bryozoa: Cribrimorpha). Memoirs of Museum of Victoria, 58(2): 191-213.

Bock, Philip E.; Cook, Patricia L. 2001. A review of Australian Siphonicytara Busk (Bryozoa:
Cheilostomatida). Records of the Western Australian Museum. 20(3): 307-322.

Bock, P. E.; Cook, Patricia L. 2001. Revision of Tertiary species of Anaskopora Wass (Bryozoa: Cribrimorpha). Memoirs of Museum of Victoria, 58(2): 179-189.

Canning E.U., Curry A, Feist S.W., et al. 2000. A new class and order of myxozoans to accommodate parasites of bryozoans with ultrastructural observations on Tetracapsula bryosalmonae (PKX organism). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 47 (5): 456-468

Canning M.H.; Carlton J.T. 2000. Predation on kamptozoans (Entoprocta). Invertebrate Biology 119 (4): 386-387.

Carrera M. G. 2000. Epizoan-sponge interactions in the early Ordovician of the Argentine Precordillera Palaios 15 (4): 261-272.

Casadio, Silvio; Marenssi, Sergio A.; Santillana, Sergio N. 2001. Endolithic bioerosion traces attributed to boring bryozoans in the Eocene of Antarctica. Ameghiniana, 38(3): 321-329.

Cheetham, Alan H. 2001. Evolutionary Stasis vs. Change. Pp. 137-142 In Briggs, D. E. G. and Crowther, P. R. (eds.), Paleoecology II. Blackwell Science, Oxford. 583 pp.

Cheetham, Alan H.; Jackson, Jeremy B. C.; Sanner, Joann. 2001. Evolutionary significance of sexual and asexual modes of propagation in neogene species of the bryozoan Metrarabdotos in tropical America. Journal of Paleontology, 75(3): 564-577.

Clarke, Andrew; Lidgard, Scott. 2000. Spatial patterns of diversity in the sea: Bryozoan species richness in the North Atlantic. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69(5): 799-814

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