Biflustra d'Orbigny, 1852

Type species: Flustra ramosa d'Orbigny, 1852

The list includes many species of doubtful status. It is likely that the identification of many of the fossil records will never be fully clarified. See also the entry for Membranipora.

This genus includes the species:

  1. Biflustra actaeon
  2. d'Orbigny, 1852 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1400325
  3. 'Biflustra' ajantarensis
  4. (Guha, 1989) Late Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian India WoRMS 1410178
  5. Biflustra akshiensis
  6. Badve & Sonar, 1995 Holocene India WoRMS 1396461
  7. Biflustra amata
  8. d'Orbigny, 1852 Late Cretaceous Turonian France WoRMS 1400326
  9. Biflustra? aquitanica
  10. Jullien, 1903 Recent Northeast Atlantic WoRMS 986590
  11. Biflustra arborescens
  12. (Canu & Bassler, 1928) Recent Atlantic WoRMS 240920
  13. Biflustra bartschi
  14. (Canu & Bassler, 1929) Recent West Pacific WoRMS 881334
  15. Biflustra bifossata
  16. (Brown, 1952) Paleogene Oligocene Chattian New Zealand WoRMS 1410179
  17. Biflustra? bituberculata
  18. d'Orbigny, 1852 Late Cretaceous Coniacian France WoRMS 1400327
  19. Biflustra cetrata
  20. Harmer, 1926 Recent Indonesia WoRMS 589628
  21. Biflustra chainei
  22. (Vigneaux, 1949) Neogene Miocene Burdigalian France WoRMS 1410180
  23. 'Biflustra' chakrudensis
  24. (Guha, 1989) Late Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian India WoRMS 1410181
  25. Biflustra clathrata
  26. (Philippi, 1844) Paleogene Oligocene Rupelian Germany WoRMS 1410182
  27. Biflustra conjunctiva
  28. (Zhang & Liu, 1995) Recent South China Sea WoRMS 881335
  29. Biflustra delta
  30. Brown, 1958 Paleogene-Neogene Chattian-Burdigalian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1400328
  31. Biflustra? denticulata
  32. (Busk, 1856) Recent Pacific Mexico Baja California WoRMS 422246
  33. Biflustra eriophoroidea
  34. (Liu, 1992) Recent South China Sea WoRMS 889322
  35. Biflustra falsitenuis
  36. (Liu, 1992) Recent West Pacific WoRMS 889144
  37. Biflustra falunica
  38. Buge, 1969 Neogene Miocene France WoRMS 1400329
  39. Biflustra grandicella
  40. (Canu & Bassler, 1929) Recent Philippines, New Zealand WoRMS 396709
  41. Biflustra holocenica
  42. Vieira, Spotorno-Oliveira and Tâmega, 2019 Holocene Brazil WoRMS 1400330
  43. Biflustra hugliensis
  44. (Robertson, 1921) Recent Indo-Pacific WoRMS 889323
  45. Biflustra? irregulata
  46. (Liu, 1992) Recent West Pacific WoRMS 471583
  47. Biflustra kralicensis
  48. Prochazka, 1894 Neogene Miocene Czech Republic WoRMS 1400331
  49. 'Biflustra' lamellosa
  50. (Canu & Bassler, 1920) Paleogene Eocene Priabonian USA Mississippi WoRMS 1410183
  51. Biflustra lamellosa
    (Homonym?)
  52. (Canu & Bassler, 1929) Recent West Pacific Philippines WoRMS 471584
  53. Biflustra limosa
  54. (Waters, 1909) Recent Northwest Pacific - East China Sea WoRMS 870502
  55. Biflustra limosoidea
  56. (Liu, 1991) Recent South China Sea WoRMS 889329
  57. Biflustra lingdingensis
  58. (Liu & Li, 1987) Recent Northwest Pacific - East China Sea WoRMS 986591
  59. Biflustra marcusi
  60. Vieira, Almeida & Winston, 2016 Recent West Atlantic Brazil WoRMS 872601
  61. Biflustra' mathuri
  62. Chiplonkar, 1939 Late Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian India WoRMS 1400332
  63. Biflustra mitiensis
  64. Guha & Gopikrishna, 2005 Neogene Miocene Aquitanian India Gujarat WoRMS 1400333
  65. Biflustra monilifera
  66. (Canu & Bassler, 1919) Neogene Miocene Caribbean WoRMS 1410184
  67. Biflustra nana
  68. (von Hagenow, 1851) Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Netherlands WoRMS 1410185
  69. Biflustra oblongula
  70. (Ulrich & Bassler, 1904) Neogene USA Maryland WoRMS 1410186
  71. Biflustra okadai
  72. Almeida, Souza & Vieira, 2017 Recent Northwest Pacific Korea WoRMS 954567
  73. Biflustra osnabrugensis
  74. Reuss, 1864 Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Germany WoRMS 1400334
  75. Biflustra papillata
  76. Stoliczka, 1865 Neogene Miocene New Zealand WoRMS 1400335
  77. Biflustra paragrandicella
  78. (Liu in Liu, Yin & Ma, 2001) Recent Northwest Pacific - East China Sea WoRMS 889330
  79. Biflustra parasavartii
  80. (Liu, 1999) Recent South China Sea WoRMS 889331
  81. Biflustra paulensis
  82. (Marcus, 1937) Recent West Atlantic Brazil WoRMS 877094
  83. Biflustra perambulata
  84. Louis & Menon, 2009 Recent Indian Ocean - India WoRMS 577112
  85. Biflustra perfragilis
  86. MacGillivray, 1881 Recent Australia WoRMS 471582
  87. Biflustra puelcha
  88. (d'Orbigny, 1847) Recent Argentina WoRMS 884392
  89. Biflustra pura
  90. (Hincks, 1880) Recent South Pacific - Australia Bass Strait WoRMS 471587
  91. Biflustra quadrata
  92. (Canu & Bassler, 1929) Recent West Pacific Philippines WoRMS 471585
  93. Biflustra quadrilatera
  94. Canu & Bassler, 1935 Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1400336
  95. Biflustra ramosa
  96. d'Orbigny, 1852 Recent Indo-Pacific WoRMS 986592
  97. Biflustra rectangularia
  98. (Canu & Bassler, 1923) Neogene Pliocene Zanclean USA Virginia WoRMS 1410187
  99. Biflustra regularis
  100. d'Orbigny, 1852 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian France WoRMS 1400337
  101. Biflustra regularis
    (Homonym)
  102. (Maplestone, 1901) Neogene Miocene Langhian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1410189
  103. Biflustra regularis
    (Homonym)
  104. (Canu & Bassler, 1935) Paleogene Oligocene Chattian Australia Victoria WoRMS 1410188
  105. Biflustra rynchota
  106. Waters, 1878 Neogene Pliocene Italy WoRMS 1400338
  107. Biflustra savartii
  108. (Audouin, 1826) Recent
    Pliocene
    Cosmopolitan tropical
    Europe
    WoRMS 396712
  109. Biflustra similis
  110. (Liu, 1992) Recent Pacific South China Sea WoRMS 889145
  111. Biflustra sphinx
  112. Vieira, Almeida & Winston, 2016 Recent West Atlantic Brazil WoRMS 872602
  113. Biflustra? stammeri
  114. (Borg, 1931) Recent Northeast Atlantic, Mediterranean WoRMS 986593
  115. Biflustra tenuis
  116. (Desor, 1848) Recent
    Miocene
    Atlantic, Mediterranean
    USA
    WoRMS 878544
  117. Biflustra teres
  118. (Novak, 1877) Late Cretaceous Cenomanian Czech Republic WoRMS 1410190
  119. Biflustra texturata
  120. (Reuss, 1848) Neogene Europe WoRMS 1410191
  121. Biflustra tuberosa
  122. (Canu, 1908) Neogene Miocene Argentina WoRMS 1410192
  123. Biflustra typica
  124. (Canu & Bassler, 1923) Neogene USA Virginia WoRMS 1410193
  125. Biflustra virgata
  126. (Canu & Bassler, 1929) Recent West Pacific Philippines WoRMS 889335
    Biflustra arborescens Biflustra perfragilis image Biflustra pura image Biflustra savartii
    Biflustra arborescens Biflustra perfragilis Biflustra pura Biflustra savartii

    Biflustra page at NMITA

    Biflustra denticulata at The Bryozoans of the Pacific.


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    Edited by Phil Bock
    Modified on 9/09/2016
    Modified on 8/11/2016 (Returned Acanthodesia to status of synonym, added several additional species)
    Modified on 19/4/2017 (added link)
    Modified on 30/1/2019 (added B.holocenica)
    Modified on 17/5/2020 (Added WoRMS links)
    This URL is http://bryozoa.net/cheilostomata/membraniporidae/biflustra.html