Conopeum Gray, 1848

Type species: Millepora reticulum Linnaeus, 1767

Synonyms Author Type Species
Foratella Canu, 1900 Flustrellaria forata d'Orbigny, 1851 (1853 in text), or Biflustra heteropora d'Orbigny, 1851 (1852 in text)

The genus Foratella was introduced with two indications of types: a figure of Flustra lacroixii Audouin, 1826, on p. 353, and the definition on p. 373, which lists "M. forata" d'Orbigny as type. Bassler (1935) unfortunately selected F. lacroixii as the type species. This leaves several Cretaceous species described by Canu in doubt. They seem to be more closely related to the Calloporidae. However, they are included below as a separate group of species inquirenda.

This genus includes the species:

Conopeum aciculatum (MacGillivray 1891) Recent Australia WoRMS 467573
Conopeum asiaticum Favorskaya, 1990 Cretaceous Uzbekistan  
Conopeum baculinum Canu, 1926 Paleogene Eocene Bartonian France  
Conopeum barbarense (Gabb & Horn, 1862) Neogene Pleistocene USA California  
Conopeum buski (Gregory, 1893) Paleogene Eocene Ypresian England  
Conopeum chesapeakensis (Banta, Perez & Santagata, 1995) Recent Northwest Atlantic USA WoRMS 607852
Conopeum commensale Kirkpatrick & Metzelaar, 1922 Recent Widespread tropical WoRMS 751779
Conopeum concatenatum (Reuss, 1846) Late Cretaceous Turonian Czech Republic  
Conopeum eriophorum (Lamouroux, 1816) Recent South Pacific - Australia WoRMS 595619
Conopeum? fluviatilis (Canu, 1928) Recent Mediterranean Algeria WoRMS 469751
Conopeum gohelaensis Guha & Gopikrishna, 2005 Neogene Miocene Aquitanian India Gujarat  
Conopeum grimmi Gontar & Tarasov, 2009 Recent Caspian Sea WoRMS 576208
Conopeum hantoniense Davis, 1934 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian England  
Conopeum hexagonum Seo, 1996 Recent Northwest Pacific Korea WoRMS 469749
Conopeum? holkari (Chiplonkar, 1939) Late Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian India  
Conopeum hoockeri (Haime in D'Archiac, 1850) Paleogene Eocene Priabonian France  
Conopeum lacroixii
Status?
(Audouin in Savigny, 1826) Recent Red Sea WoRMS 153806
Conopeum multilamellosum Voigt, 1930 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian Germany  
Conopeum nakanosum Grischenko, Dick & Mawatari, 2007 Recent Japan Hokkaido WoRMS 467566
Conopeum nelsoni Taylor & McKinney, 2006 Cretaceous Maastrichtian USA Tennessee  
Conopeum? nitidulum (Ulrich & Bassler, 1904) Neogene Miocene Serravallian USA Maryland  
Conopeum onychocelloides Davis, 1934 Paleogene Eocene Lutetian England  
Conopeum orbiculatum Canu, 1919 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian France  
Conopeum oretiensis Uttley, 1951 Recent New Zealand WoRMS 467567
Conopeum ornatum Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Paleocene Danian USA Arkansas  
Conopeum osburni Soule, Soule, & Chaney, 1995 Recent Northeast Pacific WoRMS 467568
Conopeum ovale Canu & Bassler, 1919 Neogene Pliocene Piacenzian Jamaica  
Conopeum papillorum Tilbrook, Hayward & Gordon, 2001 Recent Vanuatu, South China Sea WoRMS 467569
Conopeum paranelsoni Taylor & McKinney, 2006 Cretaceous Campanian USA Delaware  
Conopeum ponticum Hayward, 2001 Recent GBR WoRMS 467570
Conopeum raoei Guha & Nathan, 1996 Cretaceous India  
Conopeum reticulum (Linnaeus, 1767) Recent Cosmopolitan WoRMS 111351
Conopeum reticulum paucispina (O'Donoghue & O'Donoghue, 1923) Recent Northeast Pacific Canada  
Conopeum reticulum triangulata (O'Donoghue & O'Donoghue, 1923) Recent Northeast Pacific Canada  
Conopeum rhombica Taylor & McKinney, 2006 Cretaceous Maastrichtian USA Alabama  
Conopeum seurati (Canu, 1928) Recent Europe, Florida, New Zealand; estuarine  
Conopeum? similior Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian USA Arkansas  
Conopeum? spiculatum (Canu, 1928) Recent Mediterranean Algeria  
Conopeum spissamentum Taylor & McKinney, 2006 Cretaceous Campanian/Maastrichtian USA southeast  
Conopeum stamenocelloides Gordon & Taylor, 2015 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian New Zealand Chatham Islands  
Conopeum tenuissimum (Canu, 1908) Recent
Pliocene
Atlantic, California
Gulf of Mexico
WoRMS 159808
Conopeum truitti Osburn, 1944 Recent West Atlantic WoRMS 467571
Conopeum tuberosum Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian USA Mississippi  
Conopeum vaughani (Canu & Bassler, 1919) Neogene Pliocene Jamaica WoRMS 467572
Conopeum vivianii Moyano, 1991 Recent Chile WoRMS 467572
Conopeum wadei Canu & Bassler, 1926 Late Cretaceous Maastrichtian USA Tennessee  
Conopeum wilcoxianicum Canu & Bassler, 1920 Paleogene Eocene Ypresian USA Arkansas  
Conopeum wilcoxianicum ouachitaensis McGuirt, 1941 Paleogene Eocene Priabonian USA Louisiana  
Conopeum wilsoni Di Martino & Taylor, 2013 Late Cretaceous Campanian-Maastrichtian UAE  

 

"Foratella" bimarginata (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Santonian France
"Foratella" glangeaudi (Canu, 1901) Late Cretaceous Campanian-Maastrichtian France
"Foratella" heteropora (d'Orbigny, 1852) Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Maastrichtian France
"Foratella" profunda (d'Orbigny, 1853) Late Cretaceous Coniacian-Maastrichtian France
"Foratella" rustica (d'Orbigny, 1851) Late Cretaceous Campanian-Maastrichtian France
Conopeum nakanosum Conopeum tenuissimum
Conopeum nakanosum Conopeum tenuissimum

Conopeum reticulum at MarLIN - Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland.

Conopeum seurati - at the Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, Florida.
Conopeum tenuissimum - at the Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, Florida.

Conopeum sp. - from the Oslofjord, Norway. At the Palaeontological Museum, University of Oslo

Conopeum cf tenuissimum - from the California Biota Website.

Conopeum lacroixii - from Bryozoan collection from the Safaga Bay (North Red Sea).

Conopeum eriophorum - from Bryozoan collection from the Safaga Bay (North Red Sea).


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Edited by Phil Bock
Modified on 16/11/2016
This URL is http://bryozoa.net/cheilostomata/electridae/conopeum.html