Bryozoa - Taxa for 1988

Under Construction!

This is a provisional list; it is based upon a fairly small amount of information. Contributions and suggestions (and corrections) are requested.

1987 1989
 
Aberrodomus Gordon, 1988    
Aberrodomus candidus Gordon, 1988 Recent Lord Howe Rise
Acanthoclema distilus Bigey, 1988 Devonian France
Adelascopora Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Adelascopora secunda Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica, S. Atlantic
Adeonella aspera Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella circumspecta Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella concinna Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella damicornis Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella distenta Hayward, 1988 Recent E. Africa
Adeonella elegantula Hayward, 1988 Recent Borneo
Adeonella guttata Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella lobata Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella meridionalis Hayward, 1988 Recent Tierra del Fuego
Adeonella patagonica Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Atlantic
Adeonella pluscula Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella purpurea Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella similis Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella spathulata Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Adeonella tuberosa Hayward, 1988 Recent S. Africa
Aechmella poluzzii Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Aegyptopora Ziko, 1988    
Anisotrypa consona Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Antarcticaetos Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Arachnopusia aviculifera Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S.Atlantic
Arachnopusia columnaris Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
Arachnopusia decipiens Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
Arachnopusia discors Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Chile
Arachnopusia ferox Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S.Atlantic
Arachnopusia globosa Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S. Atlantic
Arachnopusia inchoata Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica, S.Atlantic
Arachnopusia rostrata Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Arachnopusia triarmata Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Marion Is.
Arachnopusia tristanensis Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S. Atlantic
Arachnopusia tubula Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S.Atlantic
Arachnopusia valligera Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S.Atlantic? Discovery Stn 2215
Astochoporella Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Astochoporella cassidula Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
ASTRALOCHOMIDAE Ross, 1988    
Astralochoma Ross, 1988    
Astralochoma helenae Ross, 1988 U. Mississippian USA (Wyoming)
Atactotoechus polygonius Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Atactotoechus qiziqiaoensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Atactotoechus qiziqiaoensis hybridus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Baculopora Wyse Jackson, 1988    
Bostrychopora Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Buffonellaria porcellanum Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Calacanthopora hispida Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Callopora decidua Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Callopora nuda
Not Callopora nuda Kühn, 1930
Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Calyptotheca canariensis Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Cauloramphus magnus Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Cauloramphus spectabilis Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Celleporaria mauritiana Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Celleporaria protea Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Celleporaria trispiculata d'Hondt, 1988 Recent Israel
Celleporella reflexa Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Celleporina aspera Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Celleporina tropica Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Celleporina tubifera Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Chaperia infundibulata d'Hondt, 1988 Recent Israel
Chaperiopsis indefensa Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent SW Atlantic
Chaperiopsis lanceola Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent New Zealand
Chaperiopsis orbiculata Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent SW Atlantic
Chaperiopsis propinqua Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent S Atlantic
Chaperiopsis rotundata Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent SW Atlantic
Chaperiopsis tintinnabula Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent New Zealand
Chasmatoporina Lavrentjeva, 1988    
Chasmatoporina jootmaensis Lavrentjeva, 1988 U. Ordovician Estonia
Chondriovelum Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Clausotrypa limpida Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Codonellina parviavicularia (Comment) Rho & Seo, 1988 Recent Korea
Coelotubulipora Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988    
Coelotubulipora bicurva Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora euspinusa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora euspinusa claustubulosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora euspinusa ferodiaphragma Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora interminuta Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora obliqua Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora superhemisepta Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora superhemisepta claustubulosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Coelotubulipora superhemisepta torquicuticula Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Corynotrypa? dhondti Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Crassimarginatella cookae (Comment) Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Cribrilaria bathyalis Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Azores
Cribrilaria denticulata Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Cribrilaria picardi Harmelin, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Cribrilaria pseudoradiata Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Cribrilaria pseudoradiata canariensis Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Cribrilaria setiformis Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Cribrilaria setiformis romana Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Cribrilaria setiformis setiformis Harmelin & Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Crisia angusta Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Crisia eburnea harmelini d'Hondt, 1988 Recent Spain
Crisia grandis Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Crisia mirabilis Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Cryptosula okadai Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
DESMACYSTIDAE Dick & Ross, 1988    
Diaperoecia macroecia Lu, Ni & Zhong, 1988 Recent S. China Sea
Diaperoecia sinensis Lu, Ni & Zhong, 1988 Recent S. China Sea
Diplonotos continuus Gordon, 1988 Recent New Zealand
Diplonotos novus (Comment) (Gordon, 1988) Recent Macquarie I.
Diploporaria tenella Wyse Jackson, 1988 Carboniferous Ireland
Diploporaria tota Gorjunova, 1988 Upper Carboniferous (Bashkirian) Mongolia
Domosclerus Gordon, 1988    
Domosclerus piscis Gordon, 1988 Recent SW Pacific
Drepanophora indica Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Electra zoushanica Wang, 1988 Recent China
EMINOOECIIDAE Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Eminooecia Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Entalophora proboscina minor Lu, Ni & Zhong, 1988 Recent S. China Sea
Eostenopora arrecta Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Eostenopora seiromuralis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Eostenopora unica Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Eridopora definitiva Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Eridotrypa hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Eridotrypa spinosa
Not Eridotrypa spinosa Bassler, 1906
Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Escharella grossa Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Europora Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988    
Europora bilaminata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Europora peculiaris Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Europora? saffordotaxiformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Europora similomesoporis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Europora unilaminata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Euthyrhombopora Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988    
Euthyrhombopora diaphragmata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Euthyrhombopora hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Euthyrhombopora tripullula Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella densimura Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella levigata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella liujiachongensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella multispinoformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella pluriramosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella pluriserispinodata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella trianguliformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestella zapolynodosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fenestrulina caseola Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Figularia lepida Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Filisparsa kubanensis Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Fistulipora diaphragmoclausa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fistulipora pavimentum Bigey, 1988 M. Devonian France
Fistuliramus lanxoporata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fistuliramus lianyuanense Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fistuliramus lianyuanoformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Fistuliramus pachycystis Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Fistuliramus perulatus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Galeopsis novella Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Gigantopora kirkpatricki Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Glabrilaria orientalis Harmelin, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Glabrilaria orientalis azorensis Harmelin, 1988 Recent Azores
Glabrilaria orientalis lusitanica Harmelin, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
HELENOPORIDAE Ross, 1988    
Helenopora Ross, 1988    
Helenopora duncanae Ross, 1988 U. Mississippian USA (Wyoming)
Hippaliosina auriculata (Comment) Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Hippoporidra truculenta Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Hippoporina vulgaris Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Hippothoa mawatarii Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Hornera simplicissima Braga & Barbin, 1988 Tertiary (U. Eocene) Italy
Hunanopora multivaria Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Hyalotoechus ovatus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Idmonea grallator zengmuensis Lu, Ni & Zhong, 1988 Recent S. China Sea
Isoschizoporella similis Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
Isoschizoporella virgula Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
Klaucena (Klaucena) lalolamina Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Klaucena (Spira) spiroformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Lageneschara Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Lagenicella neosocialis Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Lanopora bella (Comment) Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Leioclema waschurovae Nekhorosheva, 1988 U. Silurian Tajikistan
Leptotrypa? cassa Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Leptotrypa hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella crustata Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Leptotrypella curvata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella expansa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella invalida Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella longituba Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella multilamellosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella qiziqiaoensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella radiata Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Leptotrypella rariseptata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Leptotrypella tubiformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Loxophragma compactum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Loxophragma pellucidum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Loxophragma unicum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Megacanthopora sincera Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Membranipora sinsera Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Metroperiella parviavicularia (Comment) (Rho & Seo, 1988) Recent Korea
Microporella alaskana Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Microporella germana Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Microporella harmeri Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Microporella neocribroides Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Mitoclemina Nekhorosheva, 1988    
Mongolodictya Gorjunova, 1988    
Mongolodictya insperata Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Moyerella isfaraensis Nekhorosheva, 1988 U. Silurian Tajikistan
Moyerella tjanshanica Nekhorosheva, 1988 U. Silurian Tajikistan
Mucropetraliella plana Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Multiphragma delicatum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Multiphragma hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Neotrematopora altilis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Nicklesopora longhuiensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Nicklesopora uvaspinalis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Nikiforopora indigena Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Onychoblestrum secundum Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Orbignyella variabile Nekhorosheva, 1988 U. Silurian Tajikistan
Paranicklesopora Gorjunova, 1988    
Paranicklesopora elenae Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Parasmittina cautela Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Parasmittina kirkpatricki Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Parasmittina margaritata Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Parasmittina mauritiana Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Parasmittina recidiva Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Penetrantia clionoides Smyth, 1988 Recent Guam
Permofenestella mesoporosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Petalotrypa brevicamerata Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Phylactella? elongata Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Phylloporina estonica Lavrentjeva, 1988 U. Ordovician Estonia
Plumatella reticulata Wood, 1988 Recent USA (Ohio)
Polyspinopora hastilis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Polyspinopora simplex Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Polyspinopora spissa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Primorella mera Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Diploporaria tota Gorjunova, 1988 Upper Carboniferous (Bashkirian) Mongolia
Proboscina concava Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Pseudobatostomella jielingensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pseudonematopora balakini Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Pseudosclerodomus buskiana Gordon, 1988 Recent
Pycnobasis hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pycnobasis muralispina Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pycnobasis obliqua Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pycnobasis spissa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pycnobasis undulata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Pycnopora lianyuanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Raxifabia Gordon, 1988    
Raxifabia tunicata Gordon, 1988 Recent SW Pacific
Raxifabia vafra Gordon, 1988 Recent SW Pacific
Reciprocus Gordon, 1988    
Reciprocus regalis Gordon, 1988 Recent New Zealand
Reteporidra inflata Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Reteporidra sairinica Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Retiscrupocellaria d'Hondt, 1988    
Reussia linearis Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Reussia miocenica (Reussia?) Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Revalotrypa eugeniae Gorjunova, 1988 L. Ordovician Russia
Rhabdomeson shaodongense Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhamphosmittina Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Rhombocladia ramosa Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Rhombopora biseptata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhombopora dispersa Bigey, 1988 U. Devonian France
Rhombopora hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhombopora inornata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhombopora inspissata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhombopora media Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhombopora prompta Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Rhombopora saffordotaxiformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Rhombopora spirala Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Rhynchozoon ferocula Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Rhynchozoon haha Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Rhynchozoon pseudodigitatum Zabala & Maluquer, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Rhynchozoon pustulans Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Rhynchozoon quadrispinatum Zabala & Maluquer, 1988 Recent Mediterranean
Rhynchozoon splendens Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Saevitella brevis Moissette, 1988 U. Miocene Algeria
Saffordotaxis implicata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Saffordotaxis macrospinosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Saffordotaxis punctospinosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Saffordotaxis regularis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Schizomavella harmeri Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Schizomavella incompta Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Schizoporella arguta Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Schizoporella complicata Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Schizoporella consueata Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Schizoporella mutata Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
Schulgina hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Schulgina punctata Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Schulgina robusta Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Sclerodomus gracilis Gordon, 1988 Recent New Zealand
Scrupocellaria limatula Hayward, 1988 Recent Mauritius
Semicoscinium minutum
Not Semicoscinium minutum McNair, 1940
Nekhorosheva, 1988 U. Silurian Tajikistan
Shishoviclema magicum Gorjunova, 1988 L. Carboniferous Mongolia
Smithsonius Gordon, 1988    
Smittina normani Aristegui, 1988 Recent Canary I.
Stenophragmidium cumulospinosum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Stenophragmidium multispinosum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Stenophragmidium plenoramosum Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Stenophragmidium unispiniporus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Stenopora stereotoechusiformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Stenopora stereotoechusiformis pristina Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
STEREOTOECHIDAE Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988    
Stereotoechus argus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stereotoechus conicus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stereotoechus hunanensis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stereotoechus medius Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stereotoechus moniliformis Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stereotoechus multispinus Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stigmatella miranda Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Stomachetosella sienna Dick & Ross, 1988 Recent Alaska
Streblotrypa bella (Comment) (Gorjunova, 1988) M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Tabulipora exilomura Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Tabulipora magnispinosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 U. Devonian China
Tabulipora similomontifera Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Tabulipora spinoceptosa Yang, Hu & Xia, 1988 L. Carboniferous China
Thamniscus colei Wyse Jackson, 1988 Carboniferous Ireland
Thamniscus mongolicus Gorjunova, 1988 M. Carboniferous Mongolia
Thrypticocirrus Hayward & Thorpe, 1988    
Thrypticocirrus rogickae Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 Recent Antarctica
Tshokrakopora Weiss, 1988    
Tshokrakopora gracilis Weiss, 1988 Miocene Russia
VICIDAE Gordon, 1988    
Vix Gordon, 1988    
Xenicobrium (Comment) Gordon, 1988    
Xenicobrium novum (Comment) Gordon, 1988 Recent Macquarie I.

1987 1989
 
Document edited 26th February 2003
Edited by Phil Bock
This URL is http://bryozoa.net/annual/taxa1988.html