Bryozoan References - 1994

1993 1995
Álvarez, J.A., 1994.
Notas sobre la familia Crisiidae (Bryozoa, Cyclostomatida) en la Bahia de Bilbao (N de la Peninsula Ibérica).
Cuad. Invest. Bio. (Bilbao), 18: 37-44.
 
Álvarez, J A, 1994.
La famille des Lichenoporidae (Bryozoa, Cyclostomida) dans les provinces Atlantico-Méditerranéenne et Boréale. Partie III. étude des collections du Museum National d‘Histoire Naturelle de Paris.
Cahier Biol. Mar., 35: 491-509.
 
Anderson, M.J., & Underwood, A.J., 1994.
Effects of substratum on the recruitment and development of an intertidal estuarine fouling assemblage.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 184: 217-236.
 
Banta, W.C., & Crosby, M.M., 1994.
Electra venturaensis, a new species (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata, Membraniporidae) from southern California.
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 107: 544-547.
 
Barnes, David K.A., 1994.
Communities of epibiota on two erect species of Antarctic Bryozoa.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74: 863-872.
 
Barnes, David K.A., & Clarke, A., 1994.
Seasonal variation in the feeding activity of four species of Antarctic bryozoan in relation to environmental factors.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 181: 117-133.
 
Bayer, M.M., Cormack, R.M., & Todd, C.D., 1994.
Influence of food concentration on polypide regression in the marine bryozoan Electra pilosa L. (Bryozoa Cheilostomata).
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 178: 35-50.
 
Bertling, M., 1994.
Ökologie und Taxonomie koraleninkrustierender Bryozoen des norddeutschen Malm.
Paläontologisches Zeitschrift, 68: 419-435.
 
Best, M.A., & Thorpe, J.P., 1994.
An analysis of potential food sources available to intertidal bryozoans in Britain. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Paleobiology of Bryozoans: 1-7. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Best, M.A., & Thorpe, J.P., 1994.
Particle size, clearance rate and feeding efficiency in marine Bryozoa. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 9-14. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Bigey, F.P., 1994.
Bryozoans as components of a Devonian fauna in the Safi area (Morocco). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 15-21. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Bishop, J.D.D., 1994.
The genera Cribrilina and Collarina (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida) in the British Isles and the North Sea Basin, Pliocene to present day.
Zoologica Scripta, 23: 225-249.
 
Bishop, J.D.D., 1994.
Survival and reproductive output in relation to substrate type in a bryozoan encrusting disarticulated bivalve shells. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 23-28. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Bizzarini, F., & Braga, G., 1994.
Corynotrypoides ladina gen. et sp. nov., a questionable cyclostomatous bryozoan from the Upper Triassic of the Eastern Dolomites (NE Italy). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 29-32. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Bizzarini, F., & Braga, G., 1994.
Tendenze evolutive ed aspetti paleoecologici dei Briozoi triassici della Paleotetide occidentale.
Atti della Accademia Roveretana degli Agiati, Series 7B Classe di Scienze Matematiche Fisiche e Naturali, (VIII) 3: 37-62.
 
Blackman, A.J., & Li, C.P., 1994.
New tambjamine alkaloids from the marine bryozoan Bugula dentata.
Australian Journal of Chemistry, 47: 1625-1629.
 
Bock, P.E., & Cook, P.L., 1994.
Occurrence of three phases of growth with taxonomically distinct zooid morphologies. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 33-36. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Brumbaugh, D.R., West, J.M., Hintz, J.L., & Anderson, F.E., 1994.
Determinants of recruitment by an epiphytic marine bryozoan: field manipulations of flow and host quality. In: Wilson, W.H.J., Stricker, S.A., & Shinn, G.L., (editors), Reproduction and development of marine invertebrates: 287-301. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
 
Buttler, C.J., 1994.
Ordovician (Ashgill) microbryozoans from the Kildare Limestone, Ireland. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 37-40. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Caceres, J., & Moyano G., H.I., 1994.
Ancestrula y patrones astogeneticos de especies de briozoos marinos chilenos II.
Boletin de la Sociedad de biologia de Concepción, 65: 127-142.
 
Cadée, G.C., & McKinney, F.K., 1994.
A coral bryozoan association from the Neogene of northwestern Europe.
Lethaia, 27: 59-66.
 
Cancino, J.M., Hughes, R.N., & Orellana, M.C., 1994.
A comparative study of larval release in bryozoans. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 41-46. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Cheetham, A.H., Jackson, J.B.C., & Hayek, L.C., 1994.
Quantitative genetics of bryozoan phenotypic evolution. II. Analysis of selection and random change in fossil species using reconstructed genetic parameters.
Evolution, 48: 360-375.
 
Chimonides, P.J., & Cook, P.L., 1994.
Notes on the genus Cranosina (Bryozoa, Cheilostomida).
Zoologica Scripta, 23: 43-49.
 
Christoffersen, M.L., & Araujo-de-Almeida, E., 1994.
A phylogenetic framework of the Enterocoela (Metameria: Coelomata).
Revista Nordestina de Biologia, 9: 173-208.
 
Cook, P.L., & Bock, P.E., 1994.
The astogeny and morphology of Rhabdozoum wilsoni Hincks (Anasca, Buguloidea). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 47-50. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Cook, P.L., & Chimonides, P.J., 1994.
Notes on the family Cupuladriidae (Bryozoa), and on Cupuladria remota sp. n. from the Marquesas Islands.
Zoologica Scripta, 23: 251-268.
 
Cook, P.L., & Chimonides, P.J., 1994.
Notes on the genus Anoteropora (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata).
Zoologica Scripta, 23: 51-59.
 
Craig, S.F., 1994.
Intraspecific fusion in the encrusting bryozoan Fenestrulina sp. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 51-54. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Cuffey, R.J., 1994.
Cretaceous bryozoan faunas of North America - preliminary generalizations. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 55-56. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Dayton, Leigh, 1994.
Seas's green clean for boats.
New Scientist, 1925: 21.
 
Dively, C. Gordon & Cuffey, Roger J., 1994.
Monticulipora molesta - intraspecific?? variability (Bryozoa, Upper Ordovician, southeast Indiana).
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 24 (3): 15.
 
Dyrynda, P.E.J., 1994.
Hydrodynamic gradients and bryozoan distributions within an estuarine basin (Poole Harbour, UK). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 57-63. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Dzik, Jerzy, 1994.
Bryozoa of the Mojcza Limestone.
Palaeontologia Polonica, 53: 253-282.
 
El Hajjaji, K, Pouyet, S & El Kadiri, K, 1994.
Biofaciès à bryozoaires et environnements sédimentaires au Miocène supérieur du Maroc nord-oriental.
Revista Española de Paleontología, 9(1): 72-80.
 
Freitas, M.C., Cacao, M., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Caroca, C., & Galopim de Carvalho, A.M., 1994.
Unusual co-occurrence of serpulids and Bryozoa in a lagoonal system (Albufeira coastal lagoon - Portugal).
Gaia, 8: 39-46.
 
Friebe, J.G., 1994.
Serpulid-bryozoan-foraminiferal biostromes controlled by temperature climate and reduced salinity: Middle Miocene of the Styrian Basin, Austria.
Facies, 30: 51-52.
 
Gazdzicki, A & Hara, U, 1994.
Multilamellar bryozoan colonies from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Seymour Island, Antarctica: a preliminary account.
Studia Geologica Polonica, 104: 105-116.
 
Di Geronimo, Italo, Costa, Barbara, La Perna, Rafael, Randazzo, Giovanni, Rosso, Antonietta, & Sanfilippo, Rossana, 1994.
The Pleistocene "Case Catarinicchia" section (Belice, SW Sicily).
Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, Special Vol.2: 93-115.
 
Gontar, V.I., 1994.
Distribution and ecology of the Bryozoa in the coastal waters of Chaun Bay of the East Siberian Sea [in Russian].
Issledovaniya fauny morey,47 55: 144-147.
 
Gontar, Valentina I., 1994.
On the phylogenetic significance of early stages of cormogenesis in bryozoans of the class Cheilostomida.
Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 4: 18-27.
 
Gontar, V.I., & Naumov, A.D., 1994.
The spreading of benthic animals of the shelf of the northern seas of Eurasia.
Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, Spec. Vol. 2: 153-156.
 
Gontar, V.I., & Vinogradov, A.V., 1994.
[in Russian] Bryozoa. In: Tsalolikhin, S.Y., (editor), [in Russian] Key to freshwater invertebrates of Russia and adjacent lands. Volume 1. Lower invertebrates: 139-144, 364-377. Zoologicheskii Institut Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, Sankt-Petersburg. (395 pp.)
 
Gordon, D.P., 1994.
A new family of Bifaxarioidea with platyglenid affinities. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 65-68. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Gordon, D.P., 1994.
Tertiary bryozoan genera in the present-day Australian fauna - Implications for classification and biogeography.
Invertebrate Taxonomy, 8: 283-298.
 
Gordon, D.P., & Braga, G., 1994.
Bryozoa: Living and fossil species of the catenicellid subfamilies Ditaxiporinae Stach and Vasignyellidae nov. In: Crosnier, A., (editor), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, vol.12.
Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 161: 55-85.
 
Gordon, D.P., & Grischenko, A.V., 1994.
Bryozoan frontal shields: the type species of Desmacystis, Rhamphostomella, Rhamphosmittina, Rhamphostomellina, and a new genus Arctonula.
Zoologica Scripta, 23: 61-72.
 
Gordon, Dennis P., Stuart, Ian G., & Collen, John D., 1994.
Bryozoan fauna of the Kaipuke Siltstone, northwest Nelson: a Miocene homologue of the modern Tasman Bay coralline bryozoan grounds.
New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 37: 239-247.
http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjgg/1994/24.pdf
 
Gorjunova, R.V., 1994.
[in Russian] On the taxonomic rank and phylogeny of timanodictyoid bryozoans.
Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 1994 (2): 44-58.
 
Gorjunova, R.V., Markov, A.V., & Naimark, E.B., 1994.
[in Russian] Stages of evolutionary development in trepostomid perlworts.
Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii, 55 (4-5): 489-508.
 
Hageman, S.J., 1994.
Microevolutionary implications in the Paleozoic bryozoan Streblotrypa.
Lethaia, 27: 209-222.
 
el Hajjaji, K., Pouyet, S., & el Kadiri, K., 1994.
Biofacies a bryozoaires et environnements sedimentaires au Miocene superieur du Maroc nord-central.
Revista Española de Paleontología, 9: 72-80.
 
Harmelin, J.-G., Boury-Esnault, N., & Vacelet, J., 1994.
A bryozoan-sponge symbiosis: the association between Smittina cervicornis and Halisarca cf. dujardini in the Mediterranean. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 69- 74. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Harvell, C.D., 1994.
The evolution of polymorphism in colonial invertebrates and social insects.
Quarterly Review of Biology, 69: 155-185.
 
Hayward, P.J., 1994.
New species and records of Cheilostomatous Bryozoa from the Faroe Islands, collected by BIOFAR.
Sarsia, 79: 181-206.
http://www.ifm.uib.no/sol/VisAbst.asp?ASEQ=1239
 
Hayward, P.J., & Parker, S.A., 1994.
Notes on some species of Parasmittina Osburn, 1952 (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida).
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 110: 53-75.
 
Hayward, P.J., & Winston, J.E., 1994.
New species of cheilostomate Bryozoa collected by the US Antarctic Research Program.
Journal of natural history, 28: 237-246.
 
Holdener, E.J., 1994.
Numerical taxonomy of fenestrate bryozoans: evaluation of methodologies and recognition of interspecific variation.
Journal of Paleontology, 68: 1201-1214.
 
Holst, P.B., Anthoni, U., Christophersen, C., & Nielsen, P.H., 1994.
Marine alkaloids. 15 Two alkaloids, Flustramine-E and Debromoflustramine-B, from the marine bryozoan Flustra foliacea.
Journal of natural products, Lloydia, 57: 997-1000.
 
Holst, P.B., Anthoni, U., Christophersen, C., Nielsen, P.H., & Bock, K., 1994.
A racemic diterpene from the marine bryozoan Flustra foliacea, natural product or artifact.
Acta Chemica Scandinavica, 48: 765-768.
 
d'Hondt, J.-L., 1994.
Etat des connaissances sur les cycles de developpement chez les bryozoaires.
Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France, 119: 275-283.
 
d'Hondt, Jean-Loup, & Cadée, Gerhard C., 1994.
Bugula stolonifera nieuw voor Nederland en enkele andere Bryozoën van Texel.
Het Zeepaard, 54: 33-37.
 
d'Hondt, J.-L., & Cazaux, C., 1994.
Presence de Bugula simplex (Hincks, 1886) (Bryozoaires, Cheilostomes) dans le Bassin d'Arcachon.
Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 22: 141-143.
 
d'Hondt, J.-L., & Goyffon, M., 1994.
Experimental transplantations of Bryozoa: utilization of electrophoretic techniques to show environmental effects. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 75-81. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Horowitz, A.S., & Pachut, J.F., 1994.
Lyellian bryozoan percentages and the fossil record of the Recent bryozoan fauna.
Palaios, 9: 500-505.
 
Huang Zongguo, 1994.
. The species and distribution of organisms in Chinese seas: 604-624. Ocean Press, Beijing.
 
Hunter, E., & Hughes, R.N., 1994.
The influence of temperature, food ration and genotype on zooid size in Celleporella hyalina (L.). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 83-86. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Hurd, C.L., Durante, K.M., Chia, F.S., & Harrison, P.J., 1994.
Effect of bryozoan colonisation on inorganic nitrogen acquisition by kelps Agarum fimbriatum and Macrocystis integrifolia.
Marine Biology, 12: 167-173.
 
Ikezawa, H., & Mawatari, S.F., 1994.
Larval morphology and preancestrula formation of three Celleporina species (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida) from Hokkaido, Japan. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 87-92. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Jackson, J.B.C., & Cheetham, A.H., 1994.
On the importance of doing nothing.
Natural History, 103 (6): 56-59.
 
Jackson, J.B.C., & Cheetham, A.H., 1994.
Phylogeny reconstruction and the tempo of speciation in cheilostome Bryozoa.
Paleobiology, 20: 407-423.
 
Jaeckle, W.B., 1994.
Rates of energy consumption and acquisition by lecithotrophic larvae of Bugula neritina (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata).
Marine Biology, 119: 517-523.
 
James, N P & Bone, Y, 1994.
Paleoecology of cool-water, subtidal cycles in mid-Cenozoic limestones, Eucla Platform, southern Australia.
Palaios, 9: 457-476.
 
James, N P, Boreen, T D, Bone, Y & Feary, D A, 1994.
Holocene carbonate sedimentation on the west Eucla Shelf, Great Australian Bight: a shaved shelf.
Sedimentary Geology, 90: 161-177.
 
Jarms, Gerhard, & Voigt, Ehrhard, 1994.
Filelloides cretacea n.g. ein durch Bioimmuration überlieferter Vertreter der Ordnung Hydroidea (Hydrozoa) aus der Maastrichter Tuffkreide (Obermaastrichtium).
Paläontologisches Zeitschrift, 68: 211-221.
 
Jones, C.S., Okamura, B., & Noble, L.R., 1994.
Parent and larval RAPD fingerprints reveal outcrossing in freshwater bryozoans.
Molecular Ecology, 3: 193-199.
 
Karlson, R.H., 1994.
Recruitment and catastrophic mortality in Plumatella emarginata Allman. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 93-96. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Key, M.M.Jr, & Judd, A.B., 1994.
Phylogenetic relationships of the Middle Ordovician trepostome bryozoans Sonninopora and Bimuropora.
Journal of Paleontology, 68: 241-257.
 
Key, M.M.Jr, Lev, S.M., & Lighthart, A., 1994.
Colony control over skeletal growth rates in trepostome bryozoans. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 97-100. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Knowlton, N & Jackson, J B C, 1994.
New taxonomy and niche partitioning on coral reefs: jack of all trades or master of some?
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 9(1): 7-9.
 
Kon-ya, K., Shimidzu, N., Adachi, K., & Miki, W., 1994.
2,5,6 tribromo-1-methylgramine, an antifouling substance from the bryozoan Zoobotryon pellucidum.
Fisheries Science, 60: 773-775.
 
Leppold, Daniel W & Cuffey, Roger J., 1994.
Biostratigraphic implications in lower and upper Reedsville Shale (Ordovician) of east-central West Virginia.
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 26 (3): 31.
 
Lidgard, S., & Buckley, G.A., 1994.
Toward a morphological species concept in cheilostomates: phenotypic variation in Adeonellopsis yarraensis (Waters). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 101-105. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
López de la Cuadra, Carlos-Maria, & García-Gómez, José-Carlos, 1994.
Bryozoa Cheilostomata: the genus Amphiblestrum in the Western Mediterranean and the first Sessibugula of Atlantic waters.
Journal of natural history, 28: 683-693.
 
López de la Cuadra, Carlos, & Garcia-Gomez, J.C., 1994.
Zoogeographical study of the Cheilostomatida from the Straits of Gibraltar. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 107-112. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Machado, A.J. & Souza, F.B.C., 1994.
Principais especies de foraminiferos e briozoarios do Atol das Rocas.
Revista Brasileira de Geociências, 24(4): 247-261.
 
McColloch, M.E., Gilmour, E.H., & Snyder, E.M., 1994.
The Order Fenestrata (Bryozoa) of the Toroweap Formation (Permian).
Journal of Paleontology, 68: 746-762.
 
McKinney, Frank K., 1994.
The bryozoan genera Lyropora and Lyroporidra (Order Fenestrida, Family Polyporidae) in Upper Mississippian (Chesterian) Rocks of eastern North America.
American Museum Novitates, 3111: 1-31.
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/handle/2246/4947
 
McKinney, F.K., & McKinney, M.J., 1994.
Preferences for settlement conditions by larvae of Schizotheca serratimargo (Hincks, 1886), an erect bryozoan from protected habitats. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 119-124. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Madsen, L., 1994.
Exozonal budding in trepostome Bryozoa. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 113-115. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Massard, J.A., & Geimer, G., 1994.
Distribution of freshwater and brackish-water Bryozoa (Phylactolaemata, Gymnolaemata) in Israel. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 117. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Mayoral, E., Gutierrez Marco, J.C., & Martinelli, J., 1994.
Primeras evidencias de briozoos perforantes (Ctenostomata) en braquiopodos ordovicicos de los Montes de Toledo (Zona Centroiberica Meridional, España).
Revista Española de Paleontología, 9: 185-194.
 
Mikhaevich, T.V., 1994.
Vegetative reproduction of the bryozoan Plumatella fungosa (Pallas, 1768) (Phylactolaemata).
Bulletin de la Societe des naturalistes Luxembourgeois, 95: 237-244.
 
Moyano G., H.I., 1994.
Bryozoa Microporidae from the south-eastern Pacific: two new species and a review. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 125-132. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Moyano G., H.I., 1994.
Micropora finisterrae sp. n. a new bryozoan species from the Magellan Strait.
Boletin de la Sociedad de biologia de Concepción, 65: 187-190.
 
Nakrem, H.A., 1994.
Bryozoans from the Lower Permian Voringen Member (Kapp Starostin Formation), Spitsbergen, Svalbard.
Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter, 196: 1-92.
 
Nakrem, H.A., 1994.
Environmental distribution of bryozoans in the Permian of Spitsbergen. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 133-137. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Nakrem, H.A., 1994.
Middle Carboniferous to Early Permian bryozoans from Spitsbergen.
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 39: 45-116.
 
Nandakumar, K., & Tanaka, M., 1994.
Effects of neighbouring organisms on the growth of three intertidal encrusting cheilostome bryozoans.
Marine Ecology Progress Series, 114: 157-163.
 
Nandakumar, K., & Tanaka, M., 1994.
Formation of giant buds in the cheilostome bryozoan Schizoporella serialis (Heller, 1867) during its interactions with the bryozoan Celleporaria aperta (Hincks, 1882).
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 183: 1-9.
 
Nielsen, C., 1994.
Larval and adult characters in animal phylogeny.
American Zoologist, 34: 492-501.
 
Occhipinti Ambrogi, A., & d'Hondt, J.-L., 1994.
The invasion ecology of Tricellaria inopinata into the lagoon of Venice: morphological notes on larva and ancestrula. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 139-144. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Okamura, B., 1994.
Variation in local populations of the freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 145-149. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Owrid, G.M.A., 1994.
Environmental effect on the growth and reproduction of Alcyonidium hirsutum (Bryozoa: Ctenostomatida). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 151-156. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Pachut, J.F., Anstey, R.L., & Horowitz, A.S., 1994.
The H.A Nicholson collection of Paleozoic stenolaemate bryozoans: comparison of cladistic and phenetic classifications.
Journal of Paleontology, 68: 978-994.
 
Parker, S.A., & Cook, P.L., 1994.
Records of the Bryozoan family Selenariidae from Western Australia and South Australia, with the descriptions of new species of Selenaria.
Records of the South Australian Museum, 27: 1-11.
 
Parker, T & Tunnicliffe, V, 1994.
Dispersal strategies of the biota on an oceanic seamount: implications for ecology and biogeography.
Biol. Bull., 187: 336-345. copy,
 
Pettit, G.R., Xu, J.P., Ichihara, Y., Williams, M.D., & Boyd, M.R., 1994.
Antineoplastic agents. 285. Isolation and structures of cephalostatin-14 and cephalostatin-15.
Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 72: 2260-2267.
 
Redden, J.C., Backus, B.T., & Banta, W.C., 1994.
The karyotype of Alcyonidium verrilli (Bryozoa: Ctenostomata).
Caryologia, 47: 47-51.
 
Reguant, S., & Mayoral, E., 1994.
The encrusting Bryozoa on disarticulated bivalve shells (chiefly of Glycymeris insubrica) in the Lower Pliocene of Huelva (SW Spain). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 157-160. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Ricciardi, A., & Reiswig, H.M., 1994.
Taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of the fresh water bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of eastern Canada.
Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72: 339-359.
 
Richelle, E., Moureau, Z., & van de Vyver, G., 1994.
Bacterial feeding by the freshwater bryozoan Plumatella fungosa (Pallas, 1768).
Hydrobiologia, 291: 193-199.
 
Ross, J.R.P., 1994.
Ordovician (Llanvirn) bryozoans from the Amadeus Basin, central Australia. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 161-165. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Ross, J.R.P., & Ross, C.A., 1994.
Permian sequence stratigraphy and fossil zonation.
Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 17: 219-231.
 
Rosso, A., 1994.
Bryozoa of the First Italian Antarctic Oceanographic Expedition (Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea). I: Flustridae Smitt, 1867.
Journal of natural history, 28: 695-713.
 
Rosso, A, 1994.
Segnalazione di Electra tenella (Hincks) (Bryozoa) lungo le coste sud-orientali della Sicilia.
Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27: 241-251.
 
Sanderson, W.G., Thorpe, J.P., & Clarke, A., 1994.
A preliminary study of feeding rates in the Antarctic cheilostomate bryozoan Himantozoum antarcticum. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 167-171. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Schäfer, P., 1994.
Bryozoen der Trias - eine Ubersicht.
Abhandlungen der Geologische Bundesanstalt (Vienna), 50: 387-397.
 
Schäfer, P., 1994.
Growth strategies of Arctic Bryozoa in the Nordic Seas. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 173-176. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Schäfer, P., & Grant-Mackie, J., 1994.
Triassic Bryozoa from the Murihiku and Torlesse Supergroups, New Zealand.
Memoir of the Association of Australian Palaeontologists, 16: 1-52.
 
Seed, R., & Wood, V., 1994.
Recruitment and mortality of Alcyonidium hirsutum Fleming and Flustrellidra hispida (Fabricius) (Bryozoa: Ctenostomata) within a Fucus serrata L. community.
Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 35: 305-326.
 
Seo, Ji Eun, 1994.
Two species of Celleporaria (Cheilostomata: Bryozoa) from Korea.
Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 10: 189-197.
 
Smith, Abigail M., & Nelson, Campbell S., 1994.
Calcification rates of rapidly colonising bryozoans in Hauraki Gulf, northern New Zealand.
N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 28: 227-234.
http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjmfr/1994/19.pdf
 
Smith, A.M., & Nelson, C.S., 1994.
Selectivity in sea-floor processes: taphonomy of bryozoans. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 177-180. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Smyth, T., 1994.
The distribution of freshwater Bryozoa in Ireland.
Irish Biogeographical Society Bulletin, 17 (1): 9-22.
 
Swami, B.S., & Karandar, A.A., 1994.
Encrusting bryozoans in Kawwar waters, central west coast of India.
Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 23: 170-172.
 
Szczechura, J., 1994.
A segmented Paleocene cheilostomatous bryozoan and its possible relationships with pseudarcellids.
Acta Paleontologica Polonica, 39: 223-231.
 
Tanaka, M., & Nandakumar, K., 1994.
Measurement of the degree of intransitivity in a community of sessile organisms.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 182: 85-95.
 
Taylor, P.D., 1994.
An early cheilostome bryozoan from the Upper Jurassic of Yemen.
Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 191: 331-344.
 
Taylor, P.D., 1994.
Evolutionary palaeoecology of the symbioses between bryozoans and hermit crabs.
Historical Biology, 9: 157-205.
 
Taylor, P.D., 1994.
Systematics of the melicerititid cyclostome bryozoans; introduction and the genera Elea, Semielea and Reptomultelea.
Bulletin of the natural history Museum, London (Geology), 50: 1-103.
 
Taylor, P.D., & Badve, R.M., 1994.
The mid-Cretaceous bryozoan fauna from the Bagh Beds of central India: composition and evolutionary significance. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 181-186. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Taylor, P.D., & Foster, T.S., 1994.
Bryozoa from the Plio-Pleistocene of Tobago, West Indies.
Tertiary Research, 15: 1-16.
 
Taylor, P.D., & Wilson, Mark A., 1994.
Corynotrypa from the Ordovician of North America: Colony growth in a primitive stenolaemate bryozoan.
Journal of Paleontology, 68: 241-257.
 
Temkin, M., 1994.
Gamete spawning and fertilization in the gymnolaemate bryozoan Membranipora membranacea.
Biological Bulletin, Woods Hole, 187: 143-155.
 
Todd, C.D., & Keough, M.J., 1994.
Larval settlement in hard substratum epifaunal assemblages - a manipulative field study of the effects of substratum filming and the presence of incumbents.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 181: 159-187.
 
Todd, J.A., 1994.
The role of bioimmuration in the exceptional preservation of fossil ctenostomates, including a Jurassic species of Buskia. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 187-192. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Turner, S.J., & Todd, C.D., 1994.
Competition for space in encrusting bryozoan assemblages: the influence of encounter angle, site and year.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74: 603-622.
 
Tzioumis, V., 1994.
Bryozoan stolonal outgrowths: a role in competitive interactions?
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74: 203-210.
 
Vávra, N., 1994.
Bryozoa from the Oligocene of Austria: Chlidoniopsis and its possible affinities with Palaeozoic bryozoans. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 193-196. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Voigt, E., 1994.
Ceriopora-like features in idmoneiform cyclostomate bryozoans. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 197-200. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Voigt, E., 1994.
Das Genus Bactrellaria Marsson, 1887 (Bryozoa Cheilostomata) aus Maastrichtium- Geschieben und dem Anstehenden.
Archiv für Geschiebekunde, 1: 573-588.
 
Voigt, Ehrhard, 1994.
Zwei neue Bryozoengenera (Filicisparsa sommerae n.g. n.sp. und Craticulacella schneemilchae n.g. n.sp.) aus der Oberkreide von Misburg und Höver bei Hannover und von Lägerdorf (Holstein).
Bericht der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft zu Hannover
 
Walter, B., 1994.
Une faune en milieu detritique cotier: les bryozoaires hauteriviens d'Ancerville, Meuse (est du Bassin de Paris).
Cretaceous Research, 15: 583-598.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/cres.1994.1034
 
Wass, R.E., 1994.
Astogenetic and ontogenetic development in three species of cheilostomate Bryozoa from south-western and Western Australia. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 201-203. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Wilson, Mark A., Palmer, T.J., & Taylor, P.D., 1994.
Earliest preservation of soft-bodied fossils by epibiont bioimmuration: Upper Ordovician of Kentucky.
Lethaia, 27: 269-270.
 
Winston, J.E., & Hayward, P.J., 1994.
Bryozoa of the U.S. Antarctic Research Program: Preliminary Report. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 205-210. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Wöss, E.R., 1994.
Seasonal fluctuations of bryozoan populations in five water bodies with special emphasis on the life cycle of Plumatella fungosa (Pallas). In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 211-214. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Wyse Jackson, P.N., & Bancroft, A.J., 1994.
Possible opercular structures in the fenestrate bryozoan Thamniscus from the Upper Carboniferous of northern England. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 215-218. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Wyse Jackson, P.N., & Buttler, C.J., 1994.
Fossil bryozoan localities in Ireland. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 219-222. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Zágoršek, K., 1994.
First find of Jurassic Bryozoa in Hungary.
Annales Universitatis Scientarum Budapestinensis de Rolando Eotvos Nominatae Section Geologica, 30: 235-236.
 
Zágoršek, Kamil, 1994.
Late Eocene (Priabonian) Cheilostomata (Bryozoa) from the Liptov Basin - Western Carpathians (Slovakia).
Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 193: 361-382.
 
Zágoršek, K., & Macko, A., 1994.
Carboniferous Bryozoa from Jedlovec quarry, Ochtina Formation (Gemericum, West Carpathians) [in Czech?].
Mineralia Slovaca, 26: 335-346.
 
Zhang, H.-P., Kamano, Y., Kizu, H., Itokawa, H., Pettit, G.R., & Herald, C.L., 1994.
Convolutamines A-E, novel beta-phenylethylamine alkaloids from marine bryozoan Amathia convoluta.
Chemistry Letters, 12: 2271-2274.
 
Ziko, A., 1994.
Paleoenvironmental implications of the Miocene bryozoans of Egypt: a preliminary note. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 223-226. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Ziko, A., Hamza, F.H., & El-safori, Y., 1994.
Palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography of the Miocene bryozoans from the western part of the Clysmic area, Egypt. In: Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S., & Taylor, P.D., (editors), Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans: 227-231. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.
 
Zimmer, R.L., & Reed, C.G., 1994.
Morphology and ultrastructure of the larva of the bryozoan Tanganella muelleri Ctenostomata: ictorellidae). In: Wilson, W.H., Jr., Stricker, S.A., & Shinn, G.L., (editors), Reproduction and development of marine invertebrates: 224-245. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
 
1993 1995

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Edited by Phil Bock
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